Category Archives: Frameworks

Magento 2 Migration: An Interview With an Expert

Now that the official support of the Magento 1 platform has come to its end, the question of Magento migration is more debated than ever. Especially keeping in mind the complexity of the “moving” process from the technical perspective on the one side and the outstanding advancement opportunities that it can bring, including the chance to build progressive web applications on the basis of Magento 2, on the other.

Therefore, if you’re a business owner with a store up on Magento 1 who is in two minds about whether you should migrate to Magento 2 or not, this interview can help you “dot the I’s and cross the T’s”. We’ve interviewed an experienced Magento expert and Chief Technology Officer at Onilab, Alex Husar, and asked him the most often occurring questions regarding Magento 1 migration to Magento 2. Below you’re welcome to read what we’ve learned!

Why migrate to Magento 2 if the site works fine on the 1st version of the platform?

Well, perhaps, the fairest answer to this question is that you’ll still have to go for migration sooner or later. Yes, your store may be functioning and performing well at the moment, and the truth is that you can keep the store up on Magento 1 for a while, there is no ASAP rush. But the site will become incompatible in a year or so whether you like it or not.

And since the migration procedure is rather complicated and quite time-consuming, you must keep in mind the large time frames ahead if you do decide to move.

Plus, after some time passes, it’ll become more and more difficult to keep up your Magento 1 store and add new functionality to it. Mainly because the Magento team stopped releasing updates and modules for this version of the store, switching their focus completely on Magento 2. So, if you’d want to add some features to M1, you’d face the need for custom solutions.

In any case, the move to Magento 2 brings tons of opportunities. You can re-think the store’s design and visuals, improve your navigation, add new features that deal with SEO, mobile optimization, neater checkout solutions, etc. You may even take advantage of the chance to create a PWA application after the move to M2 (no such chance with PWAs on M1, by the way).

At the end of the day, all of this modernization and advancement can lead to a new and improved store with enhanced performance and better conversions. So I guess I’d say what’s the point of delaying?

Can a Magento 1 store face hazards if you don’t migrate?

Definitely! Because the official Magento team won’t be releasing nor updating the security patches for the first version of the platform anymore, it’s vital to understand that the longer you stay on Magento 1, the more you’re jeopardizing your eCommerce site.

 

The things that you should worry about here are the possible hacks and other vulnerabilities of the store that can occur due to this. Without proper “defense”, your site can become easier to “attack”. Let me give you an example to back this idea up.

For instance, you surely don’t want to fall prey to some fraudulent activity that’ll lead to data leaks. As a store owner, you take full responsibility for keeping safe the data that your customers trusted you with (this includes their personal information like their delivery address, contact details, and even more so, payment details). If this information leaks on your fault, such a scenario can lead you to heavy and costly legal consequences.

This is one of the main reasons I’d suggest not to postpone the migration question.

So why do many business owners procrastinate their migration to Magento 2?

I assume this is because they might not see the point in it or don’t get why it’s necessary. Say, they enjoy the store just the way it is and are afraid that it’ll hurt it rather than help it.

Or they might not know how not migrating can harm their business. Another reason could be, perhaps, that they don’t have the budget for migration and are saving up for doing it later.

They can even be thinking about switching from Magento to some different eCommerce platform altogether. There are many probable reasons, really, each case is individual.

But what most Magento store owners don’t quite understand is that the first and second versions of the platform are very different technically, it’s like comparing the moon and the sun. Magento 1 and Magento 2 have very few things in common, apart from the name. This means that the migration process isn’t easy and requires experienced certified Magento developers who know both of the platforms, their differences, and other migration peculiarities.

Therefore before making a final decision to put off migration to M2, bear in mind that the procedure isn’t simple, implies the work of strong experienced specialists, and a deal of time.

And how long can migration from Magento 1 to 2 take?

The time frames for migration from Magento 1 to Magento 2 is a very individual question. The required hours of development will depend on a plethora of factors. These include how highly-customized the eCommerce store is, how large it is (including in terms of database volumes and logs), how many third-party modules it has, and, of course, how many new features are needed on the website after migration.

It’s very rare that a site owner wishes to just transfer the store from M1 to M2 without making any additional improvements to it. But even if this is the case, count on at least two to four months. If you’re planning on implementing new features and improving the site, then we’re talking about four months and up (again, the more new stuff you want and the harder it is to build, the more time will be needed). If you want to get a PWA that everyone’s recently craving, then add on several more months into the equation.

What are the most common Magento 2 migration issues?

To be fair, many things can go wrong during the process. It’s not like you copy what the Magento 1 store has and paste it on to Magento 2. This procedure requires lots of work, configuration, set-ups, untangling, and debugging.

As a rule, a lot of inexperienced teams underestimate the volumes ahead during the planning and evaluation stage. Because the two platforms have too many dissimilarities in terms of their architecture, it can get tricky to get things right. Therefore, thorough planning of the work ahead is an important step not to overlook as it can arise issues.

Not everything will be moved either, for instance, you might not need some logs from a decade ago or some of the currently used features. So, you’ll be sorting some parts of the site and deciding what to “take with you” to the second Magento. Likewise, the Magento 2 database migration generally presents an additional difficulty.

The challenge with the compatibility of modules is among the toughest that the team deals with. Every store contains various plugins, be it SEO, emails, payment methods, etc. Some of these modules are released by Magento, others are from third-parties or even coded uniquely for the store. Developers must find analogs to replace the modules on Magento 2 (since the ones on Magento 1 won’t work) and spend time configuring them. In situations when no equivalents are present, these solutions have to be coded from scratch.

What else? The re-design usually takes a while as well. New features to be added extend further development. Moreover, the same applies to any custom solutions that you’ll need.

Frankly, one more issue with migration that can be faced is hiring the wrong people for the job. If your team isn’t familiar with both of the platforms well enough or lacks previous migration experience, this can knot up and complexify the whole process to a big extent. This is why you shouldn’t hurry when looking for a development team for migration who you can trust. 

Final Thoughts

Summing up the above, according to the expert opinion given in this article, migration to Magento 2 from Magento 1 has more ups than downsides. Although the process of migration isn’t simple in itself nor is it fast, a qualified team can help you boost your eCommerce store, make it more modern, compatible, and safe. Hope that this Q&A has de-veiled answers to some commonly occurring doubts. Don’t hesitate to reach out to us if you have more questions on the subject!

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Top 3 Cross Platform app Development frameworks

Compatibility is the biggest factor that is revolutionised the current scenario of software development processes. Time to time new technologies and Methods are evolved to minimise the problems of platform compatibility. Rapid development and huge demand of quality Software Products is required such platforms where any development work can be compatible to run on all of the devices built by humans.

Thus we need something like Cross Platform. Something that can be moved through Multiple Platforms or Something that can be Translated into various compatible and executable on multiple platforms. So we have Cross Platform solutions.

Applications must now work on Windows, Mac OS, Android, and IOS. Thus, cross-platform development presents a unique challenge to developers. The highest quality product might be created by writing code in the language native to each platform (Swift for IOS and Java/Kotlin for Android), but having to write a platform twice over in two different languages is an extremely time-intensive process. Cross-platform frameworks are developed to allow developers to use one framework to create an application that works on multiple platforms, reducing the LOE needed to create a multi-platform application.

If you’re wondering how to make an app, what’s the deal with cross-platform app development, or how to build a successful app, check out the top three cross-platform frameworks below:

React Native

Next generation Java Script  and Based on ES6 react js providing a cross platform framework for development of mobile application. The most popular and trusted mobile framework around is React Native.

Popularity alone is a great reason to pick this framework as you’ll have more open source community support and an easier time attracting other developers.

React Native is also known for having lightning-fast performance and low overhead costs due to high code reuse. Finally, React Native benefits from being written in JavaScript.

JavaScript is one of the most popular programming languages in the world, meaning there is a large community of other developers working from JS at all times.

There’s nothing like googling a problem and finding the answer quickly on Stack Overflow! One disadvantage of React Native is that its use still requires developers to have some knowledge of platform-native languages.

React Native is still faster than having to code an app in multiple native languages, but there could be delays in work if your developers don’t already know the basics of Swift/Kotlin.

Ionic

Ionic is an open-source front-end framework which means it allows developers to alter the Ionic code to fit their own use cases.

Ionic is based on Angular JS (unlike React, which is built straight from Javascript). Angular JS gives developers access to a large amount of HTML’s syntax which can help developers create more attractive looking features.

Finally, the Ionic framework uses Cordova plug-ins that work with all the standard mobile APIs (camera, GPS, audio recorder, etc.).

One disadvantage of Ionic is that its performance lags slightly behind native OS languages. While the slight drop in performance may not be an issue for most apps, Ionic is not recommended for the development of graphics-heavy applications such as 3D video games.

Flutter

Flutter allows developers to maintain the same UI and UI code across mobile platforms. This can make developer’s lives easier and promote a consistent brand for your mobile application.

Flutter has a “hot reload” feature which essentially means that developers can refresh their mobile app to see any changes they’ve made instantly.

This feature makes development with Flutter extremely fast. Finally, Flutter allows custom UI and animation at the same nuance of OS-native languages.

This flexibility allows for nuanced feature development. One disadvantage of Flutter is its age. Being a relatively new framework means that there aren’t a ton of existing libraries to work from and developers may have to write libraries from scratch, which can be a big time-sink.

These are the most popular framework now a days are being used by most of the developers for software development. They are making coders life easy.

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Why Laravel Is The Top PHP Framework In 2020-2021

Numerous PHP-frameworks are accessible to use as open-source and free. Be that as it may, at whatever point we talk about Laravel, then the issue is unique. Try not to stress. It is likewise open-source and free PHP structure; however, it came in presence as the top and a propelled contender to the CodeIgniter system.

It is furnished with numerous highlights; for example, worked in help for client authentication and authorization. CodeIgniter missed these highlights. That is the reason the web advancement process utilizing CodeIgniter was very hard.

The expansion of the above highlights expanded the ubiquity and distinction of the Laravel structure. Numerous Laravel development companies engineers as their significant component for creating web applications and believe it is the best and most prestigious PHP structure.

Engineers likewise use Bootstrap Laravel formats while they grow large and complex applications. Numerous different highlights make Laravel the best PHP system in 2020.

We take an itemized conversation on the highlights and rule of the Laravel PHP system in web advancement:

Application structure

About the application structure in Laravel, it accompanies a default application structure. Its application structure is straightforward to use, thus giving high convenience to begin little or huge applications. With this component, designers can modify the application according to the proprietor requests.

Multiple File Storage System

Laravel is in build with various storage systems like cloud, Amazon, and other Exchanging between these profoundly included, and in vogue distributed storage systems will be a not too bad and simple errand because the API utilized for every one of these systems is the equivalent.

A standout amongst other things like this will be the designer will be permitted to use all these three distributed storage systems just in a single application. It will allow engineers to rapidly and effectively serve these files from various areas with no issue.

MVC Architecture Support

Concentrate on straightforwardness is an indispensable factor between business rationale and introduction being developed. Laravel supports MVC. MVC is named as Model View Controller. This design has a full scope of inherent capacities. MVC empowers engineers to support the presentation and offers reasonable documentation advantage.

To get a full favorable position of the Laravel structure, it is recommended to interface with experts having long stretches of understanding and aptitude as they are the individuals offering the total capacity to your web improvement given by Laravel.

Article Oriented Libraries

Laravel accompanies the enormous assortment of Object-Oriented Libraries fused with numerous pre-introduced and worked in libraries like Authentication library. CodeIgniter, Symphony, and other well-known PHP frameworks don’t offer these sorts of Object-Oriented Libraries.

Laravel Authentication Library is outfitted with a wide scope of cutting edge highlights. A portion of different highlights incorporates checking dynamic clients, cross-site insurance and REquest Forgery encryption, Bcrypt hashing, and secret key reset.

Restriction

Laravel offers restriction benefits that are useful to the engineers in a way to recover strings of a few dialects. Along these lines, the web application will bolster different dialects without any problem. It is beyond the realm of imagination with various frameworks, so it makes Laravel a worldwide marvel.

Pagination

Pagination is a run of the mill task in web advancement; however, Laravel makes it simpler at the initial step. It causes designers to make clever connections for any site created on the HTML and current page. Moreover, the connections made by designers utilizing pagination in Laravel will perfect with Bootstrap CSS structure.

Sharp edge Template Engine

One of the intriguing realities about Laravel is that it gives an in-manufactured layout motor named Blade. The powerful and smooth Blade templating motor necessarily accompanied Laravel 5.1. Laravel accompanies a first anyway still strong templating engine which isn’t accessible in other PHP frameworks.

It helps engineers from using the understandable code in the views. Also, the cutting edge views then effortlessly take care of into simple PHP code and are before revamped they are stored.

In a couple of conditions, altering or erasing an announcement appears to be an extreme errand while dealing with unpredictable and enormous undertakings. Be that as it may, Blade in Laravel encourages designers to expel or change the announcement with no issue handily.

Steering System

Laravel encourages designers to use a directing framework that is exceptionally helpful and straightforward. They require building up an index for the URI and afterward create and execute appropriate connects to the named courses.

The primary advantage is that while making the code, it puts the URIs depended on connections to the particular links and paths and updates them if the course change.

Authentication

There are just a couple of frameworks that realize that making authentication is straightforward and quick. Like this, everything has been designed and included as of now for the web engineers for the most part.

The arrangement files comprise every single extraordinary archive that is basic for dealing with the elements of authentication services.

Programming Task Management and arrangement

In each web advancement, the process task the executives and setup is a fundamental factor that ought to be considered by each engineer top to bottom. It is likewise a necessary errand to be done on schedule. It may be sending some other errands or an email, clearing the database, overseeing undertakings efficiently consistently assume a significant job.

Try not to stress the platitude possibly commonplace, yet usage isn’t as Laravel is here with an order scheduler.

While utilizing the order scheduler, just the code passage will be included your server. Corn calls this scheduler over and over.

After the execution of the order, Laravel assesses the booked errand and run all the pending assignments. As such, Laravel offers ease in planning and dealing with the undertakings.

Security

It is challenging to state if any web application is secure and ensured. With the Laravel PHP structure can give the top security to web applications as the passwords will never get spared inside the system as the understandable content. This is the principle reason Laravel uses the hashed secret phrase for security.

Laravel likewise gives the best counteraction to your web applications from infusion assaults. It utilizes SQL articulations to decrease the opportunity for genuine dangers.

Laravel offers numerous security features that include ensuring courses, encryption, HTTP essential authentication, and so forth.

Programmed Package Discovery

Programmed Package Discovery in Laravel discovers which bundles are wanted by clients to introduce. There is no compelling reason to set up any examination.

It is anything but challenging to impair this element, and engineers can do it with no issue. This component is likewise the purpose behind the ubiquity of Laravel.

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Joomla Interview Questions

Joomla Interview Questions for beginners and professionals with a list of top frequently asked Joomla interview questions and answers. This special piece of content is designed for people who are looking for a job as a Joomla developer.

This will be helpful to clear Joomla Interview. Here is the list of basic and conceptual Joomla Interview Questions and Answers:

What is Joomla?
Joomla is an open-source Content Management System (CMS), it allows users to develop online applications, e-commerce, blog sites, and websites. Joomla is built on a model view controller (MVC) architecture.

What is the position in Joomla?
Joomla site template divides the page into a various number of positions like nav, header, footer, top, bottom, module, etc.  This is nothing but a position. You can create as many positions in a template as you want, there is no restriction for it.

Explain what Joomla Modules are?
Modules are small content items that can be displayed anywhere in websites by assigning positions in the template. We can add multiple modules on a page at different positions.

What are the components in Joomla?
Components are responsible for the main content part in a template that makes changes on every click of the menu and displays the main functionality of the site. These are the core elements of Joomla!’s functionality. They include Content, Banners, Contact, News Feeds, Polls and Web Links.

By default what is the prefix Joomla has?
Joomla has a prefix like jos_, but during installation, you can set it according to you by default it generates a random prefix.

In Joomla CMS what is the file where database settings are stored?
Database settings are stored in the root directory under configuration.php.

How many files are required to build a module in Joomla?
Two files are required to build a fundamental module in Joomla:

  1. Mod_module_name.php
  2. mod_module_name.xml

 

What are the advantages of using Joomla?
Main advantages of using Joomla can be listed as:

  1. Joomla is open-source and free to use.
  2. It provides a lot of free components that are available in extensions.joomla.org.
  3. It has inbuilt permission and user role.
  4. One-click update.
  5. Provide simple, elegant and user-friendly templates free to use.
  6. Secure and user-friendly Interface for CMS.
  7. It can be used for eCommerce.
  8. Joomla generates SEO friendly URLs.
  9. Joomla is an MVC framework as well as CMS.

 

What are the limitations of Joomla?

  • Provide limited options
  • Plugin compatibility may cause an issue.
  • Its websites are heavy
  • Limited server resources and efficiency

 

Is Joomla a Blogging tool only?
Joomla can be used as a blog, but it is more powerful and rich in features compared to full blog systems like WordPress. Joomla should be preferred when your requirements are more than just blogging

By default how many tables Joomla have?
A fresh installation of Joomla can have 78 tables.

How many Joomla tables are related to users?
Table related to users in Joomla are :

  1. Jos_users
  2. Jos_usergroups
  3. jos_user_usergroup_map

 

How can you make a menu link that is not clickable?
You can use a link type separator/placeholder to create a menu link that is not clickable 

(doesn’t connect to anything or not to assign any component to it).

What meta description in Joomla Menu Manager?
Meta Description is basically used for SEO Purpose. It is a short description of the content and optional paragraph which is displayed in the results of search engines.

Name the editor used by Joomla content editor?
Joomla content editor uses TinyMCE Editor.

What Is The Default Super Administrator Account For Joomla Called?
Administrator

What is Mambot in Joomla?
A Mambot is a small, task-oriented function, mini-program or plugin. It is used to modify content before display, extend site search, add core functionality, etc. Mambots are renamed plugins in Joomla 1.5.

What is Joomla Plugins?
Plugins are a kind of Joomla extension in Joomla. A Plugin is very flexible and powerful for extending the framework functionality. It contains a bit of code that is used to execute the particular display output of a component or module when the page is built. The plugin functions which are associated with the event are executed in a sequence when a particular event occurs.

How To Link Inside Content And Another Content Item?
Get the URL for the particular page you want to link this to. Create a link using a specific editor or with HTML, if you have no WYSIWYG.

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In How many ways we can use Model in CakePHP

CakePHP is an MVC based framework and facilitates unlimited flexibility. A model in cake PHP is used for the data source and all the logics that require to gather the data.

Later we use a Model functions to get these formatted data in Controllers and send them to view using the set function.

Here we are going to learn in how many ways we can use a Model or data source in CakePHP applications.

The naming convention followed in CakePHP help us to reduce our effort and to make the development process rapid.

Since Model is used as a logical unit and data source we can use it in any Controller where we need the data, irrespective the name of model and controllers.

A Controller with name “Users” can access the functions written in Model User without any manual initialization. But the question is how to use another Model and its functions in Users Controller?

When we are developing a complex application we usually need to access data from many tables or we can say from many Models in a single controller.

If there is no association then we need to initialize the other Models manually. Once we initialize these models we can use any functions in these models in the Controller. We can use any data source in any controller.

Even we can use the Model in our plugins Model, in the same way, we use in our standard models.

There are different ways to initialize a model in any Controller:

  • Initialize at the start of Controller and use it in any action of Controller.
  • Initialize in the particular action of Controller.
  • Initialize and Using in Another model.

Initialize at the start of Controller and use it in any action of Controller

There are many such situations when we need to use any model continuously in all the functions, then we need to initialize a model that can be used from anywhere.

Here we once initialize the model is available anywhere in a controller to use. We should not use this method when we are using the Model in only a few functions.

This may create overhead to the application when each time a data source is being loaded without reason.

Initialize in a particular action of Controller

When we have limited usage in a controller then it is not a good practice to initialize a model at the start.

We should initialize when we need only.

There may be some particular function that needs to access data from another model.

Initialize and Using in Another model

There are many such situations arrived when you need to use another model functions in your model, then you need to import that model in your model.

When we need additional data apart from association we need to fetch data from a model that is not the current model. CakePHP provides flexibility to use a number of existing model functions in your model.

This facilitates code reusability and improves the maintainability of application and at the same time reduce overhead and development time.

Hope this article will help you in using a model in Cake PHP in different ways.

Happy Learning 🙂

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MVC Web Development Framework

What is Web Development Framework?

There is a huge number of server-side scripting languages, using them we can create web applications. Almost the scripts are full-fledged programming language and featured with Object Oriented Programming Systems. Popular of them are Java, PHP, Python, Ruby,Perl. At the early age of web the applications were built on conventional logic and components, are not organized or not reusable. As the next generation, web development technologies came into existence the requirement of frameworks increased.A need for such a tool was very important as they are time and cost efficient.

Now we have many frameworks with huge communities. Frameworks are the collection of basic building blocks and reusable code in an organized manner where maintenance and development both are painless processes. They implement code re-usability, inheritance, security, abstraction, accessibility, integrity, reliability, readability, maintainability in our applications. Now we are able to develop very robust applications in very less time. frameworks are enriched with various libraries and plugin. They also provide flexibility to extend the functionality of the core. Almost the framework is based on Model-View-Controller or MVC development pattern.

What is MVC?

MVC is a software architectural pattern, which provides a modular structure to an application and application is layered into Models(M), Views(V) and Controllers(C).

MODEL

Model is a layer where all the data building logic is present. This layer is abstract from direct access. We write or database queries and fetch and format data in this layer with given parameters. This layer is a central layer of all three.

VIEW

A view is a presentation layer. We see the desired results here in our browser. The user directly communicates with forms and perform actions and submit inputs. This is an end user layer where HTTP response displayed and request triggered by user actions.

CONTROLLER

A controller is an intermediate layer and create a pool between Model the data logic layer and View the representational layer. It collects user actions based on URI and parameters. Routing and reverse routing happen here.

Advantages of MVC Frameworks:

  1. Fast and quick development of complex web-applications.
  2. Collection of Plugins are available for most of the general purpose activities.
  3. Easy maintenance and debugging. Frameworks provide debugger kit , that eases the debugging process.
  4. MVC provides a modular structure to application that is why MVC based applications are flexible and robust.
  5. Most of them provide Database manipulation library, so no need to write custom and complex queries very often.
  6. Inbuilt security and migration features.
  7. Most of them come with a command-line interface to generate code-snippets and modules.
  8. They create SEO friendly URLs to easy for search engines to recognize your application urls.

What are the popular MVC framework based on PHP?

There are numerous MVC framework based on PHP. Some of them are as:
Laravel – Laravel is the most popular PHP framework with the latest release of PHP and suitable for heavy applications.It comes with Inbuilt Authentication and security features. Laravel has a powerful ORM and query builder. Laravel has a unique feature of artisan CLI tool.Blade template engine is used for presentation on view.

Zend Framework

Created by the developers of PHP.Zend Framework is a collection of professional PHP packages with more than 345 million installations. It can be used to develop web applications and services using PHP 5.6+, and provides 100% object-oriented code using a broad spectrum of language features. Zend Framework uses Composer as a package dependency manager; PHP Unit to test all packages; and Travis CI as a Continuous Integration service. Zend Framework also follows PHP-FIG standards and includes an implementation of PHR-7 for HTTP message interfaces (as shepherded by Matthew Weier O’Phinney, Zend Framework project lead).

CakePHP

CakePHP is a Rapid development framework written in PHP 5.6 and having a unique feature of Naming Convention. CakePHP has a powerful tool of bake console. We can create scaffolding within no time. It is suitable for Web services as well as small and heavy applications. We can use a template engine as well for the presentation layer.

Codeigniter

This is a zero-configuration framework and mostly used for small scale application. It comes with all the features of OOPS and security parameters. It is fast ,and the most flexible among others in a group. Code-igniter has wonderful and organized documentation and a huge community over the web. Codeigniter also provide the feature of HMVC and templating.

Yii

Fastest growing over the internet and popular in recent years. Featured with MVC structure and can be used for small as well as heavy applications. It handles complex WSDL services easily.

Phalcon

Phalcon is a secure and well documented MVC framework. It is suitable for any type of applications. It has implemented with very high-security level.

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