What is National Education Policy (NEP)?The education sector is responsible for creating capable candidates who possess the ability to change the world and transform it for the better. The government comes up with new policies to improve the education sector.
These policies provide a comprehensive framework for all institutions to follow. The need for these policies arose way back in the year 1968. These policies have been revised many times in the years. The first revision was in 1986. And the policies were then updated and revised in 1992.
These policies were updated as per the need of the hour. Since then, the sector has seen many changes. The need for revision arose this year too. To match up with the changing world the government decided to update the policies. And make them more relevant and compelling for the education system of the country.
Overview of National Education Policy (NEP)
The aim of these new policies introduced by the government is to formalize changes in the system from K-12 to university level. To focus better on the key concepts, ideas, applications, and problem-solving angles.
Some new learning methods are introduced. Some innovative policies are introduced to focus primarily on secondary-level education. Let’s look at the policies.
National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) to develop National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework
National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework is a new change that will be developed by NCERT. This is for early care and education for children who are up to the age of 8.
Introduction of coding from class 6
Scientific temper and mathematical thinking will now be a part of the school curriculum. Students can also take up coding from grade 6th.
After the implementation of this policy, the board exams will now be conducted in two parts. The two parts are objective and descriptive. These exams are specifically designed to improve the learning of the students, understanding of concepts, and promotion of knowledge.
Instead of just memorizing. We can now see board exams be conducted in viable models like annual/semester/modular.
No separation of streams
After the implementation of this policy, there will be no hard separation on the basis of streams like science/commerce/humanities. There will also be no separation between co-curricular and extra-curricular areas.
All the subjects will be the same for all students. And subjects like arts, music, yoga, sports, etc. will be a part of the curriculum.
The New Education Policy of 2020 will focus on creating a holistic and application-based system for the students. This is expected to pay special attention to skill development and making the students ready for the future.
Main Focus of the New Education Policy
Focus on higher education
A lot of reforms and new developments have been introduced by NEP that will benefit the higher education sector. These are some of the important policies introduced that will benefit the higher education sector.
The single regulatory body for higher education
The New Policy will now establish a Higher Education Commission of India. This will be a single regulatory body for all the education sectors in the country except for legal and medical education.
Multiple entries and exit program
For the student who had to leave the course in the middle. Now there will be multiple entries and exit options. Their credits will be transferred via the Academic Bank of Credits.
Adult learning programs through tech-based options and TV channels
This policy aims to bring quality technology options for adults learning. This will be achieved through apps, online courses, and modules, satellite-based TV channels, online books, the introduction of online libraries, and adult education centers.
Availability of e-courses in regional languages
From now, technology will be used to educate students. It will be incorporated in all the modules like planning, teaching, learning, assessment, school, student training, etc. The content will also be available in regional languages for the benefit of the students.
Foreign universities can set up their campus in the country
The top 100 universities of the world will be facilitated to operate in India under this new policy. These universities will be given special dispensation regarding regulatory, governance, and control norms. These factors will be on par with the autonomous institutions of the country.
A common entrance exam for all colleges
All the higher institutes of the countries will now have a common entrance exam. That will be held by the National Testing Agency.
What To expect from New Education Policy
This new policy is expected to bring positive change in the education sector of the country. This will have a long-lasting impact on the education system. Since the foreign universities are now allowed to set up their campus in the country.
This initiative by the government encourages the students to complete their higher education in the country. The students can now experience global quality education and have a chance to reach the global bar without leaving the country.
The introduction of multidisciplinary institutes will lead to a better focus on every field like arts and humanities. This will help the students to learn and grow. This new policy will enable students to focus on knowledge and learn instead of just memorizing.
The single common entrance exam is also a positive step taken by the government. It will reduce the stress of students. Also, eliminating the need of taking multiple competitive exams to take admission.
It will ease the pressure on the students. It will also level the field for the various candidates appearing in the exams. The Academic Bank of Credit is a positive initiative to store the academic credits of the students. T
his will enable the students to earn points by completing a course and by completing higher education. The points the students will earn will be credited to the account. And the students can transfer their credits if they wish to switch colleges or universities.
This also makes it easier for students to resume their studies if they had to drop out for some reason. This will not affect their score, and they can pick up from where they left.
The next steps
The new policy is focusing on increasing the gross enrollment ratio in the higher education system. This ratio is expected to rise. This ratio currently sits somewhere around 26%, a lot less when compared to other countries like North America, China, Brazil, etc.
The introduction of stronger policies is needed to strengthen the education system of the country.
Promotion of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and opening up External Commercial Borrowing (ECB) can strengthen the capital pool of the government.
The country needs a greater inflow of finance. This will help in attracting talented teachers, build better infrastructure, and take measures that will enable sourcing FDI and ECB.
This New Education Policy is a step in the right direction. But everything lies in the implementation of the policy. We just have to wait and see how this policy will benefit the students and the education system in real-time.
Hopefully, the policy will bring a positive change, and students might reap benefits from the new and improved education system in the future.