Tag Archives: Automation Testing

Automation Testing Interview Questions

Are you a software geek preparing for an interview? Well, we wish you a hearty, ‘All the best!’ 

Nervous? About What? Automation testing! Here are some questions you need to prepare to ace an interview!  

Test automation has an essential role to play in the entire software development lifecycle.  

A lot of times when people prepare for an automation testing interview, they focus only on the automation tool-specific questions.

However, people should also consider the fact that learning and knowing about the automation tools is not the same as knowing about the automation testing and hence it’s not the ultimate goal. 

 Thus, whenever you are preparing for a ‘test automation’ interview, it is essential for you to consider ‘Automation’ as a whole and focus on its framework and all the steps involved. 

 

What are automation and automation testing? 

 Automation is any form of action that can help reduce human effort. 

Automation testing is of course, automated. This is completely different from manual testing as in manual testing, a human is responsible for testing the functionality of the software in the way a user would. 

Automation testing is a software testing method used to test and compare the expected outcomes with the actual outcomes. It is achieved by using automation tools or by writing test scripts. 

Automation testing is used to automate testing tasks that are difficult to perform manually like repetitive tasks. It requires far less time than manual testing due to the fact that automation testing is done with the help of an automation tool while humans perform manual testing. Less time is needed in exploratory tests and more time is needed in maintaining test scripts while increasing overall test coverage just like mystery rooms.

 

What are the tests that can be automated? 

Following are the things/tests that can be automated: 

  • Build deployment 
  • Test data creation 
  • Regression test suite 
  • Smoke / Sanity test suite 

Automating behind the graphical user interface like testing of APIs. 

 

Is test automation useful or not? 

Automation testing proves to be useful in the following scenarios: 

Non-functional Testing: Automation-testing is used to test the non-functional aspects of an application. 

For Example, Performance testing and load testing are very difficult tasks for humans to track and analyze. 

Regression Testing: Regression testing is done in case of a bug fix or new module implementation, then is important to make sure that the already implemented and unchanged functionality is not affected in any manner. In this case, the people end up running the regression test multiple times. 

For Example: After each change request or bug fix and after every iteration in the case of the incremental development approach. 

Repeated execution of the same tests: Sometimes, it is important to run the same set of test cases for a different set of data. Also, after each build release or on multiple hardware and software or a combination of hardware and software. 

Automating the test cases in the above scenarios helps in maximising the speed of testing and minimising human errors. 

Complex calculation: Automation testing in this case helps in checking or testing scenarios that are prone to human errors. 

 

 Is it possible to achieve 100% automation? 

100% automation is difficult to achieve because then there will be a lot of edge test cases and some cases that are not executed very often. Automating these test cases which are not executed very often will not be able to add value to the automated suite. 

 

How can we identify the test cases which are suitable for automation? 

The most important step towards automation testing is the identification of the most appropriate test cases for automation. 

 

How to decide the automation tool that one should use for their Automation testing in the projects? 

To identify the best tool for Automation testing for your project you need to do the following: 

  1. You need to understand your project requirements thoroughly and identify the testing scenarios that you want to automate. 
  2. Lookup and search for the list of tools that support your project’s requirements. 
  3. Plan out your budget for the automation tool. Then, choose the tools within your budget. 
  4. Be sure that you already have skilled resources for using the automation tools. If you don’t have the necessary skilled resources for using the automation tool then identify the cost for training the existing resources or hiring new resources for the work. 
  5. Compare each automation tool with the key criteria: 
  6. Once you have compared the best automation tools for your purpose, select the tool which is within your budget and supports your project requirement, and gives you more advantage based on the key criteria. 

 

What are the key criteria for automation testing tools? 

 

The key criterion for automation testing tools is as follows: 

Does the automation tool have test reporting functionality? If not, can it be easily configured to the tool? Is that automation tool suitable for cross-browser support for web-based applications? How many different testing types can the tool support? 

  • How many languages does this automation tool support? 
  • Is it easy to develop and maintain the scripts for the tool? 
  • Can a non-technical person also execute the test cases with some simple training? 

Is the tool able to support different types of platforms like web, mobile, desktop, and much more based on your project requirements? 

 

What is the next step after deciding the automation tool to use? 

Once the tool is finalised, the next step is to design the framework. 

What is the framework? 

A framework is a part of the structure of the entire automation suite. It is also a guideline, which when followed properly, can result in a structure that is easily maintained and enhanced. 

The guideline of the framework includes: 

  • Handling of environment files and properties file 
  • Reporting of data 
  • Handling logs 
  • Coding standards 
  • Handling the test data 
  • Maintaining and handling the elements (object repository in QTP) 

 

Final Words: 

The questions above are the main questions that are important for automation tools or programming language. Automation testing interviews also include tool and programming language-specific questions depending upon the tool that the people have worked with. 

Most of the test automation interview questions are centered on the framework that the person develops, so it is recommended that everyone creates and understands their test framework thoroughly. 

Have you gone through all the Q&A? Now, get ready and crack any software interview! 

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Reasons to Use Selenium for Web Automation Testing

This is a comprehensive Understanding of Selenium ans its utility. This article is written to clarify why Selenium is the best tool for Automation Testing of Websites. Selenium is widely used for Web Automation testing Purpose. This Article will help you answering in Selenium Interview Questions and Automation Testing Interview Questions too.

When a product/application arrives for a testing, most of the companies consider automated testing to lower the cost.Most organisations are moving towards open source automated testing tool than investing in a commercial testing tool since it cost a high price.Selenium is the most familiar testing tool for websites. As far as IT industry concern, Selenium is becoming more familiar day by day and it is the preferable tool by the software testers.

Selenium is the most popular tool when it comes to test automation today.

QA teams believe the reason behind the astounding popularity of Selenium is the many features the tool has to offer.Interestingly enough, Selenium is not just widely used by the QA professionals, but also the developers. The high popularity of Selenium and its multiple benefits, has made several new age automation testing tools, adopt a Selenium framework, for web test automation as well as for mobile apps.

Why Selenium is a Good Choice?

Selenium is the right option for automated testing of any website. Nowadays, selenium tool is becoming more familiar these days and it is the 1st choice of any automation testers also for organisations to test web-based application. Also, it is used as a testing tool for JavaScript.

Why Selenium is good to use

There are many reasons why organisations prefer Selenium as their automation testing tool.

  • When comparing the other automation tools, Selenium has the capability to work on every OS (Operating System)
  • Selenium – an open source testing tool and it is good when it comes to cost-effective automation testing.
  • Also, Selenium supports various languages like Python, Ruby, Pearl, .Net, PHP, Java, C#.
  • The great feature of Selenium is the language can be used for building an independent program, this indicates that the test script can develop in many languages.
  • Selenium testing tool supports different browsers like Safari, Opera, Mozilla Firefox, and chrome.
  • It has a good dynamic developer community
  • In Selenium, number of robust methods elements like CSS, DOM, XPath etc.,
  • It gives more flexibility when it comes to frameworks like Data-driven, hybrid and keyword driven
  • It supports for integration of open source frameworks like JUnit, NUnit, TestNG.
  • With the help of Selenium, it is possible to establish test cases that can run on different browsers. This reduces the test execution when you test a large application.

5 Reasons to Use Selenium for Web Test Automation

Before choosing Selenium, every QA professional should know what to expect from this favourite test management tool. This article enlists the top 5 benefits that make professionals choose Selenium.

1#Supports Multiple Languages and Frameworks

The biggest advantage that Selenium offers is that it does not require the user to master Selenium only languages. The platform supports multiple languages which includes Java, JavaScript, Ruby, Python, C#, and Perl. So, the user has the freedom to write the code in any one of these languages, and Selenium easily converts it into a code it understands. This can be immensely beneficial, because the user is not required to learn an all new programming language in order to use the tool successfully. In addition to this, Selenium also provides a dedicated framework for each one of these languages, which makes writing test cases simple and easy.

2#Supports Multiple Browsers

Another big advantage offered by Selenium is that it supports testing across multiple browsers and this makes the process of web test automation faster. What the community of the platform has achieved is a single test script for all browsers, which means the need to write scripts multiple times is eliminated. The browsers supported currently are Google Chrome, Firefox, IE, Opera, Edge and Safari, along with their versions. This can save time and efforts of the QA professionals to a large extent.

3#Supports Multiple Operating Systems

When a QA team chooses a web test automation tool, the support for multiple browsers is one of the most sought-after features. Selenium is a platform that supports multiple browsers, as well as their versions, which can be a big advantage for web test automation. Windows, Mac OS, Unix and Linux are all supported by Selenium, which increases the scope of testing and at the same time, increases the efficiency of the process.

4#Offers the Advantage of Parallel Execution

When QA professionals are working to meet a tight deadline, there is the need to test more in less time. This is when parallel or grid execution can be a savior. The grid execution feature of Selenium allows multiple executions in parallel, which drastically reduces the total time required. There is the provision to execute across hundreds of browsers at any given time.

5#Offers a Flexible Interface

A flexible interface is another advantage that Selenium offers. With features like refactoring and regrouping available, Selenium redefines flexibility to make test management easier and streamlined. The interface of Selenium is designed to reduce duplication, incorporate quick changes, improving maintainability and more. The flexibility allows QA teams to gain an edge with Selenium.

Selenium offers many features that are of great help to QA professionals for web test automation. In addition to the ones listed above, there are many other good reasons why QA teams should choose Selenium.These Selenium features serve as a key tool for system functional testing also for browser compatibility. When compared to the other available tool, it is more flexible and simple. Hope you will have a proper understanding of why selenium is being used widely.  Let us know If this article is helpful in Selenium Interview Questions and Automation testing Interview Questions.

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Automation Testing – Selenium

Like some other innovation, Selenium is additionally refreshing every now and again by adding an ever increasing number of highlights to it or by acquainting simpler strategies with execute tests. Propelled Selenium Training programs are gone for working experts who are specialists in selenium to keep themselves refreshed with the innovation.

Most expert mentors dependably monitor the advancements and will present the most recent form when they appear. On account of Selenium, numerous master coaches are putting forth propelled selenium preparing on the web courses as it will be simple for working experts to take in the subject without aggravating their every day plan.

Selenium is the most generally utilised test computerisation device to test online applications. One can discover numerous selenium instructional classes over the globe. There are numerous nerds questioning whether selenium testing profession will truly bring them brilliant future. To find out about Selenium testing vocation, let us experience the points of interest of it.

Quality confirmation or QA, to put it plainly, is a standout amongst the most essential stages in any assembling procedure and it has more importance in the product business. As you, all know that even a minor blame in the product may make devastation and may wind up in awesome misfortune. Consequently QA analysers have a vital part in the IT business and QA testing vocation is having a considerable measure of interest.

We are facing a daily reality such that the web has a tremendous impact on our everyday life. The quantity of web clients is expanding step by step. This has brought about the expanding hugeness of sites. Sites, which were simply utilised as a media to pass on data once, have transformed into a powerful advertising apparatus.

Understanding the significance of electronic applications, an ever increasing number of foundations have approached with numerous intriguing and special applications. Numerous current applications are being refreshed to perform more perplexing capacities. At this crossroads, the requirement for electronic application analysers is expanding.

Selenium is the most broadly favoured test computerisation device to test the electronic applications, because of which numerous new selenium testing employments are accessible on the planet. This has enticed numerous product experts who are working in different areas to take up selenium testing occupations. Meeting people’s high expectations, numerous Selenium online instructional exercises have additionally come up.

At present, a great many experts are concocting distinctive selenium testing preparing programs. As vocation development in selenium is predictable, there will be no reduction in the openings. As indicated by industry investigators, the degree for selenium testing in future will increment as the product business is developing continually.

As indicated by numerous HR specialists, this is the perfect time to seek after Selenium Testing instructional classes as the requirement for specialists will increment radically later on. Presently the business is doing nonstop investigates; all around presumed engineers are taking a shot at new applications. Subsequently, numerous new applications with more unpredictable functionalities will appear and this procedure will proceed for a significant drawn out stretch of time. That implies, the interest for programming application analysers will continue expanding in the coming years.

Out of numerous new applications, the lion’s share of them is online applications. At the point when the quantity of web clients is expanding step by step, business foundations have understood the energy of site as a promoting device. To make a site an effective instrument for advertising, numerous applications are to be joined. Consequently, more electronic applications are being produced every single day.

Selenium is the most generally utilised test mechanisation apparatus for testing electronic applications, the interest for selenium specialists is expanding step by step. Consequently selenium testing vocation has turned out to be a standout amongst the most wanted professions on the planet.

Tips for Beginners for Selenium Automation Testing Tool

Before we begin discussing Selenium testing and its structures, Let us investigate why the interest for robotisation testing has taken off seriously.

An item even in the wake of being thoroughly tried and conveyed has bugs. Disregarding every one of the endeavours to recognise and understand the bugs previously the item discharge, they frequently return, with the best manual testing forms set up. Automation testing wipes out all conceivable human mistakes happening because of manual testing.

The significant targets of programming test computerisation are:

1. Relieve the architects from dull and repetitive manual testing activities.
2. Speed up the product testing process, in this manner lessening the cost and time all through the product life cycle.

Here is a rundown of mechanisation apparatuses accessible:

  • Selenium
  • HP-UFT (some time ago known as QTP)
  • Test Complete
  • Sahi
  • Watir
  • WatiN

The correct sort of robotization device must offer simplicity of incorporation, similarity, practicality, and moderateness.

Automation Frameworks

  • Testing structure or all the more particularly testing mechanisation system is an execution domain for computerised tests
  • It is the general framework in which the tests are mechanised
  • It is characterised as the arrangement of suppositions, ideas, and practices that constitute a work stage or support for computerised testing.

A testing system is in charge of

  1. Characterising the configuration in which to express desires
  2. Executing the tests
  3. Revealing outcomes

There are a couple of inherent devices/structures

  • TestNG – as the declaration structure
  • Expert – as the manufacture apparatus
  • Jenkins – CI Tool
  • Cucumber – Behaviour Driven Development (BDD)
  • Appium – Use with local, crossover and portable web applications

Selenium is an arrangement of various programming instruments each with an alternate way to deal with supporting test computerisation. One of Selenium’s key highlights is the help for executing one’s tests on various program stages. Selenium is Functional/Regression Testing Tool. Selenium is a suite of testing mechanisation instruments utilised for Web-Based applications: Selenium IDE, Selenium RC, Selenium Web Driver and Selenium Grid.

Selenium IDE

Selenium IDE is an incorporated improvement condition for Selenium contents. It is actualized as a Firefox augmentation, and enables you to record, alter, and investigate tests. Selenium IDE incorporates the whole
Selenium Core, enables you too effortlessly and rapidly record and play back tests in the real condition that they will keep running in.

Selenium RC

Selenium Remote Control (RC) is a server, written in Java that acknowledges charges for the program through HTTP. RC makes it conceivable to compose mechanised tests for a web application in any programming dialect, which takes into account better combination of Selenium in existing unit test structures.

To make composing tests simpler, Selenium venture as of now gives customer drivers to PHP, Python, Ruby, .NET, Perl and Java. The Java driver can likewise be utilised with JavaScript.

It can perform circling and restrictive tasks, and is speedier than IDE. Selenium RC needs Selenium independent server running for Tests to run.

Selenium Web Driver

Successor to Selenium RC, Selenium Web Driver acknowledges summons (sent in Selenese, or by means of a Client API) and sends them to a program. This is actualised through a program particular program driver, which sends summons to a program, and recovers comes about. Following are the characteristics fof Selenium WebDriver:

  • Better and quicker than Selenium IDE and Selenium RC.
  • No reliance on JavaScript for computerisation.
  • Controls program by straightforwardly imparting to it.
  • No need of Selenium server running for test to run.

Selenium Grid

The Selenium Grid runs tests on various machines at same time, tests on various programs, and runs tests on various OS stages. It enhances the time it takes to run your suite by making utilisation of parallel preparing.

Selenium is most likely the best choice for mechanised testing of Websites today. It is ending up progressively prominent and it is the primary decision of computerisation analysers and associations for robotising the testing of Web-based applications for both the GUI and additionally the usefulness. Selenium can likewise be utilised as a unit testing apparatus for JavaScript. Selenium device selenium IDE is a module to Firefox to record and playback tests (like QTP).

You would then be able to send out the recorded test in most dialect e.g. html, Java, .NET , Perl , ruby and so forth. The sent out test can be kept running in any program and any stage utilising “selenium remote control”.

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Automation Web Testing Tools for 2020

Automation testing is fast becoming the most effective way to test software and applications for QA teams across the globe, as it offers several significant advantages over manual testing.

Today, there are applications running on various platforms – web, desktop and mobile – and there are new apps coming up every other day.

This calls for approaches that can help QA teams achieve more in less time and deliver the end product faster, without the need to compromise on quality.

Automation testing tools are the solution QA teams need today, and there are tools that support all the platforms while the other tools are dedicated to the web, desktop, or mobile.

These tools offer some common features as well as some unique features. This article enlists the top 5 automated web application tools for 2020.

1.TestLink

An open source automated web testing tool, it can be used for planning, defining specifications, reporting, and tracking of requirements. The tool offers a user-friendly UI and also the provision to record defects for reference. In addition to this, it also allows users to generate graphical reports to get an idea about the progress of the many executions.

More: http://testlink.org/

2.QARA Enterprise

QARA Enterprise is a comprehensive automated web testing tool that also supports mobile and desktop applications. Built upon the Selenium framework, which is considered the best for web apps, QARA supports multiple browsers and platforms and also supports multiple executions simultaneously for reduced testing time, increased test coverage and faster time to market. It also offers an add-on for test recording on Google Chrome.

More: https://www.qaratest.com/

3.Lambda Test

A popular platform for automated web testing, this one also supports mobile and desktop as well. It offers a scalable Cloud-based grid built on Selenium – the most powerful web testing tool ever – and supports anywhere close to 2000 different browsers and their versions. The tool also supports multiple simultaneous executions and offers good customer support.

Learn More: https://www.lambdatest.com/

4.Ranorex

Designed to reduce the configuration overhead, Ranorex offers an out-of-the-box automated web testing platform that helps QA teams save on time and efforts significantly. The tool supports automated creation of UI elements of the page, page objects, etc. Also, it applies the best practices automatically and supports execution across multiple browsers and their versions. It also integrates seamlessly with other platforms.

More : https://www.ranorex.com/

5.TestRail

A comprehensive tool for test management, it offers real time insights to track the progress of the execution process through graphically rich reports. This in turn helps the QA professionals to boost their productivity and efficiency and accelerates the entire process. The tool helps to measure the progress on a regular basis and even compare test results. It offers two versions – Cloud and on premise.

More: https://www.gurock.com/testrail

Conclusion:

All of the automated web testing tools mentioned above, have been developed to provide the most advanced features for effective executions. However, which one to choose depends entirely on the requirements of the QA project as well as the goals to achieve. Also, in addition to the ones mentioned above, there are other tools that offer good features too.

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Automation Testing Tools

The use of automation software testing tools is not a new idea being adopted by software companies all over the world. In fact, this remedy has been around for quite some time already due to the complexity and time-consuming nature of software development and testing.

As stated, the business of producing and developing software products is something that takes a lot of time, resources, and effort.

Not to mention a lot of personnel, the entire production and development phase of the product may well take several months to finish.

The general public does not exactly know that despite the complexity of the production and development process, the testing phase is what software producers and developers dread.

The testing phase of the entire process of software production may take an even longer time than the production phase itself.

This is because testers have to explore every possible area and angle of the software product in order to detect bugs, defects, or errors in the program and then work to correct them accordingly.

There are even times when the programmer is forced to recreate the program from scratch if the errors or bugs are too substantial that the software is rendered useless.

The use of software to test software products is not a novel idea. Nonetheless, it is welcomed by most software companies because of its expedited process and more economical implementation. With the use of automation software testing, the entire testing phase is greatly reduced from weeks or months to merely days or even hours.

Automation software testing tool functions as a virtual tester. It explores all possible program operations and functions with such speed that it will be close to impossible for a human tester to follow.

As the software operates, it takes note of those aspects of the program that are functioning well, as well as those that have problems in them.

After recording its findings, the records are analysed by the programmer and the necessary corrections are made.

The testing process is repeated and when there are still errors, the programmer corrects them. This process goes on again and again until the program is free of bugs and defects, making it ready for distribution to the public or to the one who ordered the program.

Automated testing software saves a lot of money and time by its obvious capabilities. For one, there will be no need to pay an independent human tester anymore.

Compensation for such a tester may become substantial as the program being tested becomes more complex.

Likewise, the entire duration of testing has a direct bearing with the amount of compensation to be paid. Using testing software eliminates this need for compensation because with the use of the software, even the programmer himself may test the program.

It may also be used by a third person in the presence of the programmer, saving a lot of valuable time and resources.

Automation software testing tools may well be the lifesaver of software producing companies in saving money, time Computer Technology Articles, and effort in their business production.

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