What is Web Development Framework?
There is a huge number of server-side scripting languages, using them we can create web applications. Almost the scripts are full-fledged programming language and featured with Object Oriented Programming Systems. Popular of them are Java, PHP, Python, Ruby,Perl. At the early age of web the applications were built on conventional logic and components, are not organized or not reusable. As the next generation, web development technologies came into existence the requirement of frameworks increased.A need for such a tool was very important as they are time and cost efficient.
Now we have many frameworks with huge communities. Frameworks are the collection of basic building blocks and reusable code in an organized manner where maintenance and development both are painless processes. They implement code re-usability, inheritance, security, abstraction, accessibility, integrity, reliability, readability, maintainability in our applications. Now we are able to develop very robust applications in very less time. frameworks are enriched with various libraries and plugin. They also provide flexibility to extend the functionality of the core. Almost the framework is based on Model-View-Controller or MVC development pattern.
What is MVC?
MVC is a software architectural pattern, which provides a modular structure to an application and application is layered into Models(M), Views(V) and Controllers(C).
Model is a layer where all the data building logic is present. This layer is abstract from direct access. We write or database queries and fetch and format data in this layer with given parameters. This layer is a central layer of all three.
A view is a presentation layer. We see the desired results here in our browser. The user directly communicates with forms and perform actions and submit inputs. This is an end user layer where HTTP response displayed and request triggered by user actions.
A controller is an intermediate layer and create a pool between Model the data logic layer and View the representational layer. It collects user actions based on URI and parameters. Routing and reverse routing happen here.
Advantages of MVC Frameworks:
- Fast and quick development of complex web-applications.
- Collection of Plugins are available for most of the general purpose activities.
- Easy maintenance and debugging. Frameworks provide debugger kit , that eases the debugging process.
- MVC provides a modular structure to application that is why MVC based applications are flexible and robust.
- Most of them provide Database manipulation library, so no need to write custom and complex queries very often.
- Inbuilt security and migration features.
- Most of them come with a command-line interface to generate code-snippets and modules.
- They create SEO friendly URLs to easy for search engines to recognize your application urls.
What are the popular MVC framework based on PHP?
There are numerous MVC framework based on PHP. Some of them are as:
Laravel – Laravel is the most popular PHP framework with the latest release of PHP and suitable for heavy applications.It comes with Inbuilt Authentication and security features. Laravel has a powerful ORM and query builder. Laravel has a unique feature of artisan CLI tool.Blade template engine is used for presentation on view.
Created by the developers of PHP.Zend Framework is a collection of professional PHP packages with more than 345 million installations. It can be used to develop web applications and services using PHP 5.6+, and provides 100% object-oriented code using a broad spectrum of language features. Zend Framework uses Composer as a package dependency manager; PHP Unit to test all packages; and Travis CI as a Continuous Integration service. Zend Framework also follows PHP-FIG standards and includes an implementation of PHR-7 for HTTP message interfaces (as shepherded by Matthew Weier O’Phinney, Zend Framework project lead).
CakePHP is a Rapid development framework written in PHP 5.6 and having a unique feature of Naming Convention. CakePHP has a powerful tool of bake console. We can create scaffolding within no time. It is suitable for Web services as well as small and heavy applications. We can use a template engine as well for the presentation layer.
This is a zero-configuration framework and mostly used for small scale application. It comes with all the features of OOPS and security parameters. It is fast ,and the most flexible among others in a group. Code-igniter has wonderful and organized documentation and a huge community over the web. Codeigniter also provide the feature of HMVC and templating.
Fastest growing over the internet and popular in recent years. Featured with MVC structure and can be used for small as well as heavy applications. It handles complex WSDL services easily.
Phalcon is a secure and well documented MVC framework. It is suitable for any type of applications. It has implemented with very high-security level.