The Cloud: How does it Work? Explanation in Detail

We have been talking a lot about the Cloud in recent years. It is a new way to store and manage data and to dematerialize it. The most relevant examples that we can give of Cloud use are the countless online tools that we use every day and in which we store documents accessible via any computer or smartphone. Everything can be kept online, and this is possible thanks to the cloud and the advanced technology behind it.

What is Cloud Computing?

Your documents, applications, and other types of data, you can store on the hard drive of your computer or rather choose the Cloud. In the second case, it means that you are using storage computer resources accessible from the web.

Cloud reflects the fact that we often have the impression of placing our data in an intangible environment (different from the computer that we can touch) to find it there at any of our selected times, just by connecting through the internet.

If you’re using Gmail, Yahoo, or another similar webmail, you’re already using the cloud. And you may notice that your old emails and drafts are still available and right where they are, no matter what device you connect with. Google Drive and Dropbox are also cloud services capable of storing a very large amount of data that would be impossible to keep if you had to use your computer.

The tools in the Cloud are in fact very numerous and they all work on the same principle: the use of several shared and remote servers to store data and make them accessible to the Internet. 

It has been a long time since the Cloud has been used by IT specialists or companies, but its use is becoming more general and has ensued an increasingly publicized craze. What everyone knows and uses tends to be talked about more. The Cloud is also becoming an economic reality because Internet users sometimes have to pay to subscribe to the Cloud service of their choice, although some may be totally or partially free.

The different cloud systems

There are different offers available to access the Cloud, that is to say, different ways to use the storage capacity that the principle allows:

  • The SaaS: Also referred to as Software as a Service, which enables users and businesses to be able to access an application or software via a monthly or annual. This is the simplest method, but also the most used. It does not require any installation, but the accesses are done naturally by using an internet browser. You will then be able to fully use your new software for the duration of your subscription;
  • The PaaS or Platform as a Service: This method allows you to have a computing environment that can help you manage the installation, configuration, and even the use of your applications. Here, you will be able to perform updates for example, unlike SaaS where you only have options for use and not maintenance. All this goes through web hosting which helps the platform to operate and the hosting of various applications;
  • The IaaS or Infrastructure as a Service: Here, it is also subscribed to have a complete IT infrastructure, including servers, network, backup, and storage systems available in the provider’s data center. Thus, you have a Cloud service as if you had all the computer equipment necessary to use your own data center. No usage restrictions on your consumption since this virtual material belongs to you as long as you keep your subscription up to date.

Some structures or companies still prefer to have their IT system in-house for questions of confidentiality and data security, while others are quite confident about all (or part) dematerialization in the Cloud.

What is the use of the Cloud?

The primary utility of the Cloud is its flexibility and accessibility. You can access your data, applications, or servers from any workstation connected to the Internet, regardless of the screen size, the operating system, or the brand. The synchronization options reinforce this accessibility, to switch the grip from one device to another without the need to disconnect or move.

This saves a lot of time, an almost unlimited space, a power-sharing solution, but also money, when we consider how much all the equipment required for the storage of a large volume of documents or virtual machines would have cost.

And yet, we all know that current work and communication habits adapt very well to the use of the cloud, to a certain extent. This is also why USB keys are used a lot because it is often necessary to transfer data from one computer to another or to a smartphone, or to a tablet. It is thus possible while being at the office, to record any information in a SaaS software in the form of video, audio, or written document (Facebook, Gmail, Twitter, Spotify, or another software), to consult it later. in transport or at home.

It’s more or less affordable and adaptable costs, depending on the number of users, for example, make cloud services an option increasingly considered as an alternative to traditional and physical means of storage.

Cloud and online applications

We use the cloud almost every day by using online applications. They are very easy to use and exist in different fields. We have seen the example of Gmail and Yahoo, to name but a few, which are online applications or software on which most of us have opened one or more free accounts.

These applications are now democratized and there is little doubt that they are part of what made the current success of the Cloud.

There are several specificities that distinguish them: online applications adapt to all operating systems; they do not need to be installed on our computers, but just need a sufficient internet connection to function; they help with group and online work; they have a relative level of security (a big drawback).

We have the example of Google Drive for data storage, WeTransfer for sending very large documents, or Canva for photo editing.

Advantages and disadvantages of the cloud

If Cloud services are in demand as much by individuals as by companies, it is because the advantages they contain are interesting, to say the least. On the other hand, there are reservations with regard to this dematerialization model which does not allow the same control as that which is possible with hardware.

Among the advantages of using the cloud are:

  • A reduction in cost, especially for structures that no longer need to acquire all the computer equipment that was once essential to start their activities. The initial investment costs are reduced, especially for startups;
  • The possibility of unlimited bandwidth and storage ;
  • Access to very high-quality services without paying prohibitive costs;
  • The possibility of strengthening data security.

The downsides of cloud storage are nonetheless worth considering:

  • The Internet is the engine of the Cloud, if a failure occurred, the entire activity of the structure would be disrupted;
  • The structure remains technically dependent on its Cloud service provider;
  • The computer system is no longer under the perfect control of the structure and the applications used may change at any time, in favour of other more efficient or more adapted to the service provider’s equipment;
  • Confidentiality can no longer be guaranteed 100% if we consider possible cyber-attacks or technical failures;
  • Questions also arise from a legal point of view as to the location of the data and their subject to the laws and regulations in force in the national territory where the servers are located (e.g. data placed in Amazon or Google Drive, with servers based in the United States are thus subject to the “Patriot act” with the possibility for the American government to consult this data at any time).

Is the cloud secure enough?

The convenience of the cloud is no longer in doubt, but what about security?

Even though online applications can be considered reliable, until proven guilty, hacks are a common occurrence, resulting in massive theft of data for obscure purposes.

It is therefore up to a cloud service provider to ensure that the security of its users’ data is reinforced so that hacker attacks always end in failure. However, we must admit that we cannot completely trust the online applications (Dropbox, Google Drive, Skydrive, etc.) that we use and in particular to keep our files safe.

What the experts recommend is to at least try to have strong authentication, which will not allow a hacker to enter an email or an online storage platform. Today, for example, there is what is known as 2-factor authentication (2FA) including the password and phone number. The simple fact of using a very strong password, difficult to guess with numbers and symbols, is undoubtedly already a useful precaution.

You should also not take the risk of placing some row data. We will take the example of bank identifiers or medical data; these are not things to be communicated remotely and on any platform.

Online applications, in themselves, are not always honest with users since they have confidentiality rules approved that stipulate the use of user data in order to improve their services, without falling into the details. You can therefore take care to read the conditions of use that we present to you or at least make a restriction on the type of documents that you share.

You always have the option of turning to online applications that you trust more because in the end, the cloud has become essential, if only for basic use.

Some Cloud solutions, especially recommended for companies, also allow the use of an encryption key for your accesses so that only you can consult your data.

The leading providers of free cloud storage

In general, online users are often looking for cloud services for free storage. These online applications are free, but with paid options when a certain level of storage is exceeded.

Some of these online storage tools include:

    • Google Drive: the Google tool that you can access for free as soon as you have a Gmail account;
    • Dropbox;
    • Microsoft OneDrive;
    • Apple iCloud;
    • Amazon Cloud Drive;
    • OpenDrive etc.

The cloud market is currently very developed and several tech giants have also taken to it by creating their own cloud service, with increased demand from users. Companies are also increasingly using the Cloud, taking advantage of low-cost plans and thus saving on their expenditure on IT resources. The Cloud is also very practical to facilitate the use of digital tools even if it sometimes arouses a certain suspicion. However, we have to believe that this computer system is well on its way to last and to develop further for years to come.

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Signal App: Everything You Need To Know About The Messaging App

Ever since Whatsapp updated its privacy terms. People started looking for new ways to stay connected with their friends and family members. Numerous apps came into the limelight, but the one that stole all the thunder was the Signal App. Thanks to Elon Musk’s tweet, people are downloading the app at god’s speed. Whenever there is a new trend, people are often baffled and look to gain information about it. If you are one of them, then this article can help you gain some insights about the app. In today’s article, we will decode all information there is to know about this app. 

What is Signal App?

The signal app messaging and voice-talk platform, which is free of cost, similar to WhatsApp. The most important difference is in “Privacy”. Even, the tagline of the Signal messaging app is “Say hello to privacy”. A line that most users will resonate with, given the current circumstances with Whatsapp.

If you visit the Wikipedia page of the signal app, you will find that it was launched on the 29th of July 2014. But according to the current information, the stable version of the app was released in December 2020 for android and in January for the IOS platform. 

The Signal app runs on donations it gets from the non-profit Signal Foundation organization. Brian Acton, the co-founder of WhatsApp, and Moxie Marlinspike, the CEO of the Signal messenger app. started The Signal Foundation.

How Does Signal App Work?

All things considered, using the Signal app is quite simple. You can easily download it onto your iPhone, Android, or desktop for free and begin chatting with your friends and family members. Registration is done with simply your phone number, and the app would then be able to scan over your contacts to see which numbers in your contacts are using Signal messaging app. 

You can use this app on either your phone or PC. If you start a chat using your phone, you can use a QR code to sign in on your PC and continue the rest of the conversation there — however, you won’t have the option to see the past messages (the ones you sent using your phone). Signal messages are stored on mobile phones, rather than in the digital space of the app. That is because Signal uses an open-source protocol to encrypt everything from messages to recordings, voice updates to photographs. In tech-talk, that implies you can look at the source code keeping your Signal messages hidden for just yourself on GitHub. In easy words, it implies that your messages will remain your messages — if you are the only one who can access your phones, then you’ll be the only one who’ll see them.

Key Features of Signal App:


It’s a messaging app. This app lets users send messages between two phones. Like you can send instant messages to your friends and family members online. In this way, you don’t need to pay SMS charges to your service provider. 

Private and Safe Data Sharing

It provides a messaging network that lets the user send messages with end-to-end encryption which keeps your messages secure. They don’t invade your privacy by reading your messages and listening to your calls. The platform is secure so no one else can read or listen to your private conversations

Voice and Video calling

You can now call and video call anybody in this world with no network charges by the assistance of the internet. The signal messaging app gives perfectly clear voice and video calling services to users. 


You can send stickers to your contacts with encryption. Along these lines, nobody can decode your sticker. You can also make and offer your custom stickers. 


It has a group feature which lets you create a group with your family, friends and other contacts. Thus, you can undoubtedly share information with every single individual from the group. 

No promotions and no trackers 

The signal is a totally non-profitable app so there are no advertisements on this app. No advertisements imply no affiliate marketers and no trackers exist to follow your activities. 


It is a totally open source project for engineers. Thus, anybody can assist with building up this app for making it more user-friendly and more secure.

Benefits of Signal App:

  • The messages, audio calls, video calls, group calls and even the stickers sent are start to end-to-end encrypted. This encryption technology that Signal originally created is presently used by WhatsApp and Skype. 
  • The messages on your chats can be set to disappear after a specific time. This time frame can be decided by the user based on their needs. 
  • The users cannot add members to their groups without their permission.
  • The messages on Signal are stored on the gadget itself, which is your cell phone. The Signal app staff don’t store the information nor does it permit the users to backup their Signal conversations on the cloud (Google Drive or iCloud). This implies that when you transfer to another number or get another cell phone, you can’t move your messages on the new gadget or number. 
  • The signal app can also work on the PC or desktop simply like WhatsApp. However, the difference here is that all the chats that are on your cell phone don’t get stored on the PC and the other way around. 
  • You can send a message to any contact that exists on your contact list. Customers who don’t have the Signal messaging app installed on the phone will be sent messages through normal SMS. 
  • The sound and video calls on the Signal app are end-to-end encrypted. This can be seen through the little padlock symbol close to the telephone symbol. 
  • To move a current WhatsApp group to the Signal app, you need to make another group on Signal by adding only one individual from the group. Afterwards, share a generated group invite link on the WhatsApp group that you need to move to the Signal app. The users on WhatsApp can join the recently formed group on Signal by tapping on the link. 
  • You can also send messages to yourself on the Signal app through the ‘Note to Self’ choice. By this, you can keep a rundown or a note of significant things. 
  • The signal app gives you an alternative to blur your profile photograph.

WhatsApp vs Signal vs Telegram

WhatsApp is right now the biggest messaging platform on the earth, with more than 2 billion users. Telegram has around 400 million users, while Signal has around 20 million users. 

While WhatsApp stands undefeated given a large number of users, we can’t avoid the developing market and popularity of Telegram and Signal. 

The update in WhatsApp’s privacy policy has given a chance for the market for these two other giants to grow.


WhatsApp has all the ingredients for a perfect recipe. This social messaging app has also added a payment feature to its hat. Users can add up to 256 members in the group. You can broadcast messages to various contacts, and also support voice and video calls, both for people and groups. 

    • Group video calls (that can handle 8 users at any given time).
    • WhatsApp Status feature (also known as WhatsApp stories).
    • Whatsapp allows you to share a wide range of files and documents (up to 100MB).
    • Photographs, videos and audio notes can be shared up to 16 MB.
    • Users can also share live location with their contacts. 
    • WhatsApp backup and restore messages and data on google drive and iCloud.
    • WhatsApp uses end-to-end encryption (E2E) for messages, video calls, voice calls, photographs and any other data. 
    • WhatsApp utilizes E2E protocol created by Open Whisper Systems, same as Signal


Telegram offers support to groups with up to 200,000 contacts. Known for its huge and monstrous groups, Telegram offers a lot of group features, for example, bots, surveys, tests and hashtags, extensive for a large group experience. 

    • Telegram offers self-destructing messages. These messages disappear after a said point in time. 
    • You can share files as large as 1.5 GB on Telegram. 
    • Telegram supports video and voice calls as well. 
    • Telegram supports E2E a secret chat feature.
    • Telegram has confirmed that it shares 0 bytes of data with any third party or government.


Going to the most latest member to the messaging party, Signal offers secure messaging, voice, and video calls and these are end-to-end encrypted. You can make groups, but you can’t broadcast messages to numerous contacts at once. Signal also lets its users make group calls. 

    • Like Telegram, Signal also supports self-destructing messages 
    • A Note to Self feature is also a highlight of the app. You can share your thoughts and ideas under this feature.
    • Signal permits relay voice calls to its users, identity isn’t shared, same as using a VPN 
    • Signal uses back-end user-facing encryption administration 
    • It uses the open-source Signal Protocol to accomplish end-to-end encryption 
    • Signal additionally encrypts your metadata offering several layers of security

WhatsApp vs Signal vs Telegram: Which Messaging Giant is More Secure?

WhatsApp doesn’t encrypt backups (cloud or local). Whatsapp also doesn’t encrypt metadata, not at all like Signal, which is used to convey conversations between two endpoints. WhatsApp group chats have been before discovered to be filed on Google search, significant information breach. 

Telegram group chats are not encrypted except if you use Secret Chats, which again just lets you chat to one contact at a time. 

Regarding client security, Signal offers the most secure communication you can find on the internet. But the most secure app Signal falls short when it comes to all the fancy features WhatsApp and Telegram are offering. Signal naturally encrypts all the local files with a 4-digit passphrase. It also encrypts all the group calls.

What Sets Signal App Apart


It has been shown to us time and time again that we cannot trust Facebook with our personal data. However, well over a billion people decide to send their most personal messages over apps made by the organization. And keeping in mind that Facebook says it can’t access messages sent over WhatsApp and doesn’t access messages sent via Facebook Messenger. But the organization mines your use of those apps for other information, for example how frequently you chat with somebody and whose contact numbers you have saved in your contact list. 

Facebook doesn’t permit outside protection and security specialists to assess its data collection methods, nor the code of its messaging apps. That implies we simply need to take their word for it and trust that they are not taking advantage of any personal information. Also, many studies have shown that not a lot of people are willing to trust the organization with their data.


So why escape from Facebook Messenger and WhatsApp to Signal and not some other messaging app? Since Signal is the only major messaging platform that can run on various platforms (such as android and ios) and avoids following you and your connections to other people. All the other major apps out there track you. And while Apple messages don’t. They are only available to iOS and macOS. Android users are not that lucky, so Signal app might come in handy.

About Signal App Security And Privacy

With regards to security, the Signal messaging protocol is by and large viewed as the most secure messaging protocol available. It is acceptable to such an extent that numerous other messaging apps, including Facebook Messenger, Skype, and WhatsApp, have claimed to adopt the protocol to be used in their apps. 

With regards to privacy, Signal is a sure shot winner. As we examined before, Signal just records three pieces of data about their users. This is far less data than other platforms collect. Furthermore, Signal gives you a chance to take the privacy protections a step further. There are a lot of articles that can give you detailed directions on how to create your Signal account without using your phone number.

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Make your iPhone App more secure with SSL Pinning

What is SSL pinning?

An HTTPS connection has a valid certificate and a cipher suite. The certificate is presented to server presents during handshaking. It is the essential component that serves as proof of the identity of the server. The client will trust the server if it provides a valid certificate signed by one of the trusted Certificate Authorities. Otherwise, aborts the connection.

An attacker can either install a malicious root CA certificate to user devices. So, the client will trust all certificates signed by the attacker, or even worse, compromised a CA completely. Therefore, trusting on the certificates received from servers alone cannot guarantee the authenticity of the server. Your server is vulnerable to a potential man-in-the-middle attack.Secure Socket Layer Pinning is a technique used in the client-side to avoid a man-in-the-middle attack. This technique validates the server certificates even after SSL handshaking and pins a list of trustful certificates to the client during development. They, then use them to compare against the server certificates during runtime. The connection disrupts if there is a mismatch between the server and the local copy of certificates. This ensures that no further user data goes to that server. In short, SSL pinning ensures the user devices are communicating only to the dedicated trustful servers.

Developers must take extra caution in SSL Pinning. When a pinned certificate expires, the server gets a new certificate. The new certificate is different from the pinned certificate. So, the clients will not trust the updated certificate and therefore terminate the connection. Communication established between clients and servers is basically ‘bricked’. Therefore, to avoid such a situation,  always pin the future certificates in the client applications before release.

There are two ways to achieve SSL Pinning in client applications.  You can either pin the whole certificate or its hashed public key. The hashed public key pinning is the preferred approach that uses the same private key for signing the updated certificate. This approach can save the trouble of pinning a new hashed public key for a new certificate, and reduce the risk of app ‘bricking’.

How to make your iOS Apps more secure using SSL pinning?

SSL pinning comes into the picture as one of the best app security options while looking for ios game application development services. A system library does the task of maintaining the SSL session. The app trying to establish connection does not determine which certificate to trust and which not to.The SSL encryption happens based on Public Key Infrastructure and a session key. Encrypting and decrypting public uses a lot of energy and slows down the communication process. That is when the session key came into play. Asymmetric session key exchanged with the SSL handshake reduces the risk of asymmetrically encrypting data at the source and decrypting it at the destination.The certificate’s chain of trust determines the security aspect of SSL. The client checks the server’s SSL certificate as the communication process starts. The client will check if the received certificate is an issue by the Trusted Root CA store or other user-trusted certificates.

Although SSL is pretty much unbreakable, there is still an actual threat of the man-in-the-middle attack. This can happen with ARP poisoning and DNS spoofing. With ARP cache poisoning, an attack is possible depending on the Address Resolution Protocol. Address Resolution is responsible for mapping the IP address to the devices MAC address. For example, consider a network containing a common user’s device A, the attacker’s device B and router C.Device B sends the ARP reply packet to the device A acting as router C. Then, A sends another ARP reply to C identifying as device B and completes the attack.DNS spoofing is an attack technique that corrupts the name server’s domain name mapping. Here, the attacker forces the DNS to return an incorrect IP address and divert the traffic to theirs.

There are different ways through which you can implement SSL Pinning in iPhone game development services. You can secure your iOS with SSL pinning using NSURLSession, AlamoFire and AFNetworking. NSURLSession SSL pinning is a bit tricky. Here, there is no option to cancel all responses that do not match with the certificate automatically. To implement SSL pinning on NSURLSession, we need to do perform all checks manually.

Alamofire SSL pinning is simple. The ServeTrustPolicy.certificates Bundle method in AlamoFire returns all certificates in the bundle. First, we load the certificates in the created ServerTrustPolicy object. Then the object is instantiated with a dictionary to map the domain name to the ServerTrustPolicy. We are only pinning the predefined domain in AlamoFire.

SSL pinning in AFNetworking is straightforward. You have to assign an AFSecurityPolicy policy object to the AFHTTPRequestOperationManager. It will scan through your bundle by default.

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Benefits of having Website to your Business

There are many benefits of having a website both for small business owners and for big business owners, for startups and for large corporations. 

One of the most obvious benefits of having a small business website is that it empowers people to find you online and get in touch with you easily. 

If you plan on having enough customers, you need an online presence to give your clients information at the click of a button. 

It is extremely easy to create a social media profile such as Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, or LinkedIn.

List of advantages below:

  1. Builds Credibility

your business will gain credibility. Think about when you’re trying to find a selected item; you’ve got a fast google search and find an internet site that’s competitive and has great reviews. That being said, you would like to make sure you stay current, look professional and are available up in search engines otherwise you’ll lose that status in no-time.

  1. Improves Customer Service

It’s a known incontrovertible fact that having an internet presence will assist you improve your customer service. If you’re a store owner and have staff-members, you can’t oversee them 24/7 to watch how they’re interacting with clients. In the online world, however, nothing stays secret; you’ll monitor your staff’s work and ensure your customers are receiving a speedy and helpful reply.

  1. Makes Your Business Accessible at All Times

A website is out there to you and your customers 24/7, three hundred and sixty five days a year. If they’re awake at 1 am and are thinking of buying something from you, they will click on your site and do that instantaneously –a win-win situation for all. Having a web presence also provides them with the convenience of reviewing your products and services when your store or office is closed.

  1. Targets Larger Markets

Whether you provide products or services, a web website is an alternate location to sell them. You can reach clients that are in another town or country just by simply having an internet presence. With our busy lifestyles we are reverting to browsing online – gone are the times where hours are spent in physical shops finding out products. A website can promote your products 100 times faster than a store-front, window display.

  1. Helps You Beat the Competition

Following on from the previous benefit, a well-marketed site can assist you to gain market share at the expense of your competition. In order to try to do this, you would like an excellent website that gives users a singular experience.

Benefits of a Website for your Business

  1. You Can Develop an Online Presence
  2. It’s Possible to Target Local Customers
  3. You Can Save Money on Paper Advertisements.
  4. You Can Provide Personalised Email Addresses for Your Employees
  5. You Can Make Sales Online
  6. Social Media Can Help Promote Your Business

It won’t be that if you wanted to advertise your business, your options were limited. You could distribute flyers, remove ads within the local newspaper, or even buy a TV spot. However, the online provides you with entirely new ways to succeed in your audience.

On one side from expanding your business, having a website also provides you with an entirely new channel you can use to make sales. These days, you’re not restricted to only selling products through your physical shop.

A lot of individuals think that social media are often a replacement for an internet site. As far as we’re concerned, however, you need both a site and a social presence if you want to maximise your reach online. Plus, you’ll want to advertise all of your social pages right from your website.

This article is contributed by Avatar Studio is One of the best website design company in Bangalore

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Some Key Benefits Of On The Job Training

On-the-job training, known as OTJ training, in other words, upholds “learning by doing”. It empowers your workers to experience the assignments they need to finish to satisfy their job requirements. Your organization should have the arrangement to support this method of learning. What’s more, with the correct methodology, the contribution from your group, and an LMS, your business can create on-the-job training that assists your employees in surpassing their job. 

The Benefits of On the Job Training for Businesses: 

Hoping to prepare your employees in a manner that is custom-fitted to their particular needs, while tending to real-time issues in the work environment? From introducing new workers with corporate policies and methods to supporting an employee’s professional turn of events, on the job training might be the appropriate response. 

On the job training is a grounded and powerful technique for guaranteeing that employees have skills expected to play out their job. It happens in the working environment; either at an employee’s real workspace or in spaces that can be devoted to learning. For example, onsite training or meeting rooms. On the job training incorporates a scope of assets, for instance, handbooks, manuals, videos, and online and immersive training modules, just as using the right gear and tools. Also, it can draw on the mastery and information on other individuals from staff through job shadowing and coaching. 

There are proven advantages of on the job training for the employees and bosses. It benefits organizations by guaranteeing employees have the correct abilities and comprehension to do their jobs securely and ably, just as being a time and cost-effective of undertaking training. It can likewise be custom fitted to address the individual necessities of every employee. Just as assisting them with feeling motivated and esteemed. Some of the most common benefits of on the job training are: 

Employees don’t miss Significant work time 

With regards to other types of employee education, it’s needed for them to be away from their work areas or off-site. This is the time that is being deducted from their workday. With OTJ training, your employees stay on the work premises. They either visit with colleagues or coaches or sign in to their LMS to learn. Then, they can continue on with their workday, never overlooking anything, while as yet getting the training they need. 

Upgrades Inner Communication 

One of the significant benefits of on-the-job training is that it encourages team building and communication between individuals who are as of now working in the same space. Rather than booking an outside facilitator to come in and convey training, or even someone from your own organization who works over in HR, representatives gain experience from the individuals they work with daily like chiefs, colleagues, and associates. 

Builds up a learning society 

This assists with building compatibility and encourages a learning society where it is easy to ask questions. It permits space for employees to experiment and acquire direct experience, as their chiefs and coaches will oversee early attempts at new things, offering instruction and counsel.

The Most Effective Method To Deliver On The Job Training In The Workplace 

On the job training can take numerous forms – from organized, formal learning programs through to unstructured and bursts of training activities. Finding the correct training blend is essential to assist individual workers with playing out their best, while also helping with boosting your organization’s profitability levels. 

Organized on the job training techniques are more formal than basically expecting that employees should go on with their job, make errors and learn from them. There is a scope of main methods and resources to help employees learning ventures, including: 

Training Manuals 

Training manuals are an incredible and simple resource that can assist with showing about an organization, its processes and methodology. Manuals are additionally valuable for existing employees, to guarantee they have the most upgraded skills for working with tools, hardware, programming, new innovations – and beyond. Effectively available visual guides help assist employees with tending to holes in information. And go about as a kind of reference guide when working on real-time tasks. 


Contrasted with written materials, training recordings can essentially improve commitment and the adequacy of the on-the-job learning experience by integrating visual steps with audio instructions. Training recordings are regularly short, zeroing in on a particular task so can be seen by employees to fit around work responsibilities. 

Online learning programs 

Like video training, online learning projects can offer small training sessions that can be taken by employees during a period that is convenient for them. Employees can likewise adopt a mix and match strategy. Fitting a training system to their individual needs by choosing available modules. 

One of the main advantages of online training platforms is that they can be interactive and quantifiable. Tests can be taken to evaluate the retention of information. Just as expanding commitment in training. This can likewise be incorporated with HR frameworks, automatically adding into the person’s performance records. 

Job Shadowing 

Job shadowing is a proven method of giving an employee a superior comprehension of an assignment by observing a fellow worker at work. It provides knowledge to the learner, rather than a practical experience. 


A mentor can help an individual (or coachee) by assisting them with learning, rather than straightforwardly attempting to show them new abilities. Instructing isn’t just about figuring out how to do assignments, it can likewise make employees more mindful of the effect of their decisions, assume liability for their actions and comprehend their effect in their group and the business they work for. 

Who Knows A Job In A Way That Is Better Than Someone Profoundly Experienced In Doing It? 

On the job training doesn’t just allow workers to experience an involved way to deal with learning new abilities and the company’s techniques. It additionally significantly permits them to profit by the skill of their kindred employees. This isn’t only valuable to the student; it can likewise be massively compensating to the person who is passing on their insight. However, placing the correct structures and systems is pivotal to help both the student and the individual from staff who is conveying training.

Top Tips For On The Job Training Utilizing Existing Staff Mastery: 

Install it in your organization culture 

It could be a time and cost-effective approach to infusing an extensive abilities improvement program into organizations than traditional classroom training. Yet organized on the job training is definitely not a speedy and simple fix. Whether it is delivering an easy to understand manual or presenting an expansive online training program. It requires the responsibility of time, energy and budget to build up the correct abilities solutions to help your employees and at last your business to develop. 

Additionally, cultivating an environment where improvement of employees is at the core of the business is vital. It is essential to dispel any possible negative responses or suspicion of ulterior intentions. On the job training projects will only actually be as strong as the workers who are learning, educating or coaching. So guaranteeing they are 100% on board with your employee development is an absolute necessity. 

Rules and backing for the mentor 

Passing on information and aptitudes through procedures can be fulfilling. However, taking on the additional responsibility can also add time and stress to an employee’s additional burden. Thus, bosses need to guarantee that it’s not simply the student who they are making feel valued and supported. 

If a current worker will be shadowed by an understudy, become a mentor to help an associate, or even run training sessions on a particular assignment. There should be clearness on what the training is focusing on, how it is being conveyed, and what their job in the entire cycle is. They likewise should be consoled that this won’t adversely affect their work execution, rather it will grow their range of abilities as an esteemed worker. 

Employees conveying on the job training should be confident in conveying training and support in whatever form it takes. They should not expect that this will work out simply because they are extraordinary at their job. Offering training to employees who will be sharing their expertise may end up being unimportant, as it allows them to learn new abilities. For example, how to ask the right questions of the student, how to manage troublesome situations and give positive feedback. 

Set clear boundaries 

For on the job training to work, everyone should be on the same wavelength. This begins by adjusting training with HR techniques, from identifying capabilities for the part, recognizing training needs, presenting effective interventions and communicating what success will look like. Personal improvement plans are helpful to outline this and should be shared with every worker, their line supervisor and, any co-workers that are supporting their learning venture, to guarantee points and targets are clearly characterized. 

Assess and audit performance 

Having set up clear targets and desired learning results, estimating success is essential. Watching out for progress will assist with recognizing if learning goals are on target, or highlight the requirement for additional training interventions.

Guaranteeing Employee Training Sticks 

At last, if on the job training is being opted across your business, you need to see outcomes. You need to see that workers are better prepared to do their jobs, just as being more propelled and contributing positively to the organization’s general targets. However, how might you guarantee that on the job training works? 

Training encounters, for example, coaching on the job training guarantee that abilities can be passed on between workers. The way to its prosperity is constructing and holding long term relationship among mentor and coachee by: 

Building trust and respect from the beginning 

Let’s be honest, we would all be able to feel somewhat weak when we don’t have a clue about the response to something or when we are confronted with change. A mentor should be completely trusted, as requesting a worker to reveal their training needs is a big step for them. A mentor needs to assist with establishing a confidential and engaging environment where the coachee feels respected and confides in them to take a functioning part in their professional development. 

Building up a progression of little, achievable objectives 

Reasonably speaking, setting goals and estimating achievement is basic to all on the job training. For long term training experiences, these targets may feel overpowering, so cooperating to separate these into reachable objectives will assist with building confidence and move the coachee towards their skill destination. 

Turning out to be active listeners 

On the job training is a two-way relationship. Training isn’t just about being educated, it’s tied in with learning. An incredible mentor will help their coachee to work through issues by effectively listening and opposing the temptation to jump in with the right answers. By doing this the coachee’s learning experience will be enhanced and their retention of information will be altogether improved through better and deeper understanding. 

Giving constructive criticism and help build confidence 

We as a whole like being applauded when we’ve done a great job, and being trained in the same. Positive feedback can help support a coachee’s confidence, strengthen best practice and eventually help to improve performance. 

The Future is On The Job Training 

On the job training can assist representatives with learning and practice new aptitudes. Give them uphold by having learning assets to allude to when undertaking errands and help to construct successful working relationships with partners. 

The estimations of on-the-job training go beyond expanded profitability and development. Trained workers are happier employees that are more dedicated to the organization. It helps in making the employees ready for performing. Research suggests that the employees who have been trained on the job are happier, more satisfied, and perform better. Invest in on the job training and you might never have to hear the words “I am not happy with my job” by any employee ever again.

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How to become a Cyber Security Consultant

An interesting career path for an information security professional is the path of a certified information security consultant. This is a powerful career choice, but how do you do it?

This article describes what you need to become a cyber-security consultant and what the overall career path will look like. When you are done reading it, you will know how you can take this path if you want.

 What exactly is a cyber security consultant?

Many organisations, or in some cases a team, have an information security professional to meet their information security needs. When an organisation’s budget or needs don’t warrant full-time information security staff, they hire a cyber security consultant.

This changes the traditional balance of power for the advisory: they can work for as many clients as they want. If the demand is there, the consultant can basically say how much work he needs. There are benefits to being your own boss.


To become a cyber security consultant, you will need a combination of skills, education and years of work experience, with a certification option.

Cyber Security Advisory Skills

Internet security consultants are called “general information security experts” and this is not without reason. Life Day covers a wide range of information security skills from beginners to professionals.

Listed below are some of the skills you need to have before you officially open the store. Please note that this is only an overview – depending on the path you choose, there may also be others that you find useful or necessary.

Penetration Testing

This situation requires you to be the attacker and protector of the client’s network and security environments. An example of real-life orientation verification capability is the ability to measure the sensitivity of applications and client software.

Firewall Management

Cyber ​​security consultants with firewall management skills should be knowledgeable. Specific skills related to this situation include outage detection, backup, and failure safety features.

Cryptography Technologies

Encryption is increasingly used as a key line of defence against data theft and destruction. Cyber ​​security consultants should have a good understanding of how cryptography affects the business of the organisation and gain knowledge of the cryptographic solution.

Advanced sustained risk management

Advanced Persistent Threats, or APTs, are multi-layered attacks that can progress through multiple attack vectors. Examples of required knowledge include network access control, phishing, and social engineering.

Operating system

You need at least a moderate knowledge of Windows, macOS, Linux and other operating systems to be competitive. Not all organisations use the same operating system, so increase your capabilities to include as many relevant operating systems as you can.

Principles of ethical practice and ethical coding

When you think like a hacker, you can better stop them in their dirty work. Required skills include a good understanding of modelling and threat settings.

Opposition / Hacker Mentality

The other side of the proverb base is getting to know people who think they are hackers / attackers. Be aware of how hackers think cyber crime advisers can better help predict the methods used and where they are most likely to attack. Being able to think like a hacker is almost more important than thinking more defensively.

Programming languages ​​used in the storage and processing of raw data.

The same rule applies to operating system skills from above. The more programming languages ​​you know that are used in storing and processing raw data, the better.


Cyber Security Consultants must have rigorous auditing skills. This includes applying industry standard analytical criteria when necessary, such as when analyzing organizational security solutions.

Soft skills

There are a variety of soft skills that successful Cyber Security advisers will rely on every day. These soft skills are listed below.

Leadership skills

Working as a consultant requires leadership skills. This is because it is an independent component with little or no care, so being a study nunnery is important. Often a Cyber Security consultant will need to take leadership action to address cyber security issues effectively; in more complex cases, you will be responsible for the security team reporting to you. This requires a high level of leadership, especially if you have to manage a security team in each customer area.

Communication skills

Effective communication is needed to manage security teams, but even if you have clients who do not have a security team, you will need to have regular and effective communication with administrators, department heads, and sometimes with the end user. Without strong communication skills, it is impossible to be a successful cyber security consultant.


There are no fixed training requirements to become a network security consultant. That being said, there are other common ways in which experts can prove that they have the right level of education, especially by getting a degree. Many have degrees in information technology, information technology, network security and other related fields. Some meet this requirement by gaining equal work experience and related qualifications.


Everyone wants to be a leader on their own: to work at their own pace, to do as they please and not to work with a leader to question them. For those in Cyber Security, being an online security advisor can be a great way to gain that freedom. If you can find the knowledge, education and work experience we have reviewed above, you will have shown your customers that you are in a position to compete for their needs.

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Flutter Vs React Native:Which Platform Is Better for Mobile App Development

If you are a mobile app developer, you must be knowing about Flutter and React native. There are so many app developing software used to develop mobile apps. Technology is growing and the demand for better and improved apps is also growing. We are using apps for everything whether it’s app health, shopping, travelling, Millions of people download apps from google play store and app store. We first need to know the difference between Flutter and React Native and how they are used to develop some of the best apps in the market. So here is a comprehensive study of Flutter Vs React Native.


It is an open-source toolkit used to develop creative and easy to navigate applications. Flutter is released by Google in 2017. It consists of tools that are required to develop an app like widgets, testing APIs, and more. It also consists of a UI library which includes many tools and buttons that makes it easy to develop an app. Some of the applications developed using Flutter are Google Ads, Alibaba, and other Apps on Google Play Store. Flutter uses Dart, a fast programming language. Further, it is not tricky to use. 

React Native

It is an open-source mobile framework created by Facebook in 2017 that used JavaScript to develop and mobile apps. React Native android app development is one of the best frameworks to develop both Android and iOS using a single code base. It consists of many UI components and has modules written in Objective-C and Java that improve performance in video and image editing. Some of the popular apps built using react native are Facebook, Instagram, Skype, Wix, Pinterest, etc. 

Difference Between Flutter and React Native

The key difference between both frameworks is the programming language that is being used to develop an app. Flutter uses Dart to develop a mobile app which is made by Google and React Native uses JavaScript with which every app developer is familiar. 

Flutter provides fast coding using Dart as it uses one code base which means you can create two apps using the same code for iOS and Android Platform. Apps designed using Flutter are fast and smooth. 

React Native which uses JavaScript and mostly every app developer is familiar with Java so they prefer using this framework. You can create cross-platform apps using react native and it also uses one code base which means you can use the same code to develop an Android and IOS app. The community of react-native users is huge. You will get many libraries and UI frameworks and you can connect with other developers that makes it easy to learn how you can develop an app using the react native framework. 

Both the framework provides seamless performance when it comes to developing an app using any of the ones. Both Flutter and React Native have a hot reload that shows any changes made in the coding in real-time. The developing time of an app for both Flutter and React Native is different. For some Flutter could be a very useful toolkit to develop an app because it uses Google UI Toolkit which includes all the important development components in one place. On the other hand, React Native has a big community of JavaScript coders which means you get to learn from other developers and the source is big. You can connect with more developers if you face any problem during the development process.  The components in both Flutter and react-native are different. React Native uses some basic styling tools you need to use different components for both Android and IOS. On the other hand, Flutter uses a widget which means you can make easy customization. You can use your widget both for Android and IOS. 

So the question here is which toolkit is better to develop an app? Well, it depends because not all the apps can be developed using Flutter or React Native. Moreover, if you are using Flutter for the first time you could have some tough times learning it as Dart would be something new for you. The same goes for React Native if you are new with JavaScript. Both Flutter and React Native Android development are the best tool to develop apps for Android and iOS. They have their pros and cons but many companies are using one of these tool kits to design many apps which we are using every day. The cost of developing is also lower using this toolkit. It’s on you which toolkit you want to choose to develop your app.

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Top 10 Digital Marketing Trends in 2021

Digital technology is a real revolution in the world of marketing. They appear and develop so rapidly that sometimes it is impossible to keep track of them. Here are 12 key digital trends that will change the face of the market and business in the coming year.

#1. Augmented Reality

Augmented reality technology will help create close interaction between the client and the brand. It has similarities to VR (virtual reality), but in the implementation of AR, it is much simpler and more accessible for the average business. More than 70% of companies will implement immersive technologies in 2021, according to a Gartner study.

#2. Alternative Advertising Platforms

In April 2020, TikTok made over $ 78 million in the App Store and Google Play, surpassing YouTube, Netflix, and Tinder. Most websites and blogs even used this method to get more visitors and traffic, like kissanime , Ted blog, etc. In terms of the number of downloads, the application breaks records every month even for such giant platforms as Facebook or Instagram (in February 2020, over 1.5 billion users downloaded it!). 41% of TikTok’s audience is young people between the ages of 16 and 24, which makes TikTok an excellent ad platform. In addition, it has several undeniable advantages:

  • unique tools like masks or Hashtag Challenge;
  • low competition among advertisers (unlike Instagram);
  • loyal audience;
  • favorable pricing policy and opportunities for influencer marketing.

# 3. Voice Search Optimization

According to analysts, 55% of searches in 2020 already come from voice search. Therefore, in 2021, its popularity will only increase. This optimization can significantly increase your brand awareness and promote promotion. Use programs like – they remember voice commands, track requests, and generate automated scripts for common actions (such as shopping).

#4. Chatbots

Another trend is a virtual interlocutor who is ready to find out the needs of users and answer their questions at any time of the day. You can communicate with the chatbot both by voice and by text. Thanks to this, chatbots are an indispensable tool for automating business on the Internet. You can create your own full-fledged Facebook chatbot using a specialized service and integrate it into your brand group so that it answers the most common customer questions for you. You can do the same on Instagram or Twitter.

#5. Influence Marketing

Influencer marketing is nothing more than the modern word of mouth. It’s simple: your products are recommended by someone who is an authority for your target audience. For example, a famous beauty blogger on YouTube might advertise a natural cosmetics brand in one of his videos. More than 22% of young people from 18 to 35 years old make purchases regularly after viewing such recommendations.

The point is that the information submitted by the authoritative person is not perceived as ordinary advertising. Influencers speak the same language as their audience, and it is easier for them to praise your company in an accessible and unobtrusive way. Why not use it to increase sales?

#6. Messengers

Messengers are not just about sharing stickers and messages with friends or colleagues. There are also billions of active users who can also become your customers. According to experts’ forecasts, the most popular messengers in 2021 will be WhatsApp, Telegram, and Facebook Messenger.

They offer many possibilities that other platforms and social networks cannot offer. For example, this is instant message delivery – the messenger does not imply an “exit” function, so there is no need to wait for the user to appear on the network. You can also communicate with customers on behalf of the brand, chat, or send mailings without using email.

#7. Personalization

Sad fact: 97% of average website visitors don’t turn into customers. The reason is simple – companies offer users the wrong products that they really need. Fortunately, personalization solves this problem. Want to boost your online store sales? Set up the system so that it remembers the purchases of your customers and then shows them products similar to those that they purchased earlier. Indeed, according to statistics:

personalization works in 90% of cases, that is, 90% of customers reach the purchase stage thanks to it;
65% of users are repelled by generic ads;
Starbucks’ revenue increased to $ 2.5 billion in the first year of customizing coffee cups.

#8. Neuro Marketing

It will be one of the most futuristic and impressive digital marketing trends in 2021. Neuro marketing involves the study of consumer behavior and methods of influencing it. To do this, Neuro marketing measures and analyzes the activity of the human brain and nervous system, which allows you to select those types of content, to which the person reacts most positively. Using the collected information, you can make changes to an existing marketing strategy or create a new one, one that will trigger a specific audience segment. Thanks to neuro marketing, by the way, companies started to play with packaging colors or put the price of $ 9.99 instead of $ 10.

#9. Live Broadcasts and Streams

Live broadcasts are watched 3 times more often than regular videos recorded in advance. Why? Users are captivated by the feeling of “involvement” in the events taking place here and now. So, the popularity of broadcasts is proved by the streaming platform Twitch, whose audience is growing every day.

#10. Communication Marketing

We are talking about direct communication with customers in the same social networks or messengers. 83% of customers said that when making a purchase decision, what matters to them is how quickly and responsively the brand responds to their questions. And to maximize the engagement of the audience, add users as friends, reply to comments, or like photos. Also generate user-generated content: post pictures taken by your clients in your accounts, tell their stories. Write about them for them.


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Top 10 Entry Level IT Jobs

So you have decided to try your hand in the IT industry. The entry-level jobs in any sector can be a bit challenging. Whenever we think of entry-level positions, our minds often wander in the direction of overworked and underpaid jobs. A lot of companies often ask for experience when they are looking for potential employees. But these listings are a wish-list that companies have for the perfect candidate. Before applying for these positions the candidates need to assess whether they can perform the tasks. Instead of matching the skills and experience with the requirements, it is important to know whether you can add value to the company. Here you will find a list of Top 10 Entry Level IT Jobs.

Top 10 Entry Level IT Jobs in 2021

The IT industry is one of the hottest right now. The shift towards the online market has opened a world of possibilities for all the aspiring candidates who wish to make a career in this industry. To make a career in this sector, you have to follow some mantras. This sector is all about skills. Adding new skills and polishing your existing skills is a must. This will help you stand out from the competition and increase your chances of getting selected. 

Here are some of the Entry Level IT Jobs you can consider if you are right out of college and are looking for some exposure in the IT sector. Top 10 Entry Level IT Jobs starts as :


Digital marketing managers are responsible for digital and social media promotion for an organization or brand. These managers focus on increasing sales, brand awareness, and client satisfaction. They frequently deal with the entirety of the organization’s clients confronting the web presence, including websites, social media profiles, promoting, and different communications. 

Digital marketing managers are additionally on the front line of finding new roads for digital advancement. When new sites, platforms, and technologies are delivered, they must survey whether the same might be a decent advertising answer for the brand. 

Abilities to possess (to have or to learn): 

The tech abilities you will require for a digital marketing manager’s position incorporate some knowledge of Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) and Search Engine Marketing (SEM). Experience with change tests and investigations, and capability with showcasing database applications, email, social media, and web-based advertising. 


Digital strategists work together with other colleagues on the long-term goals and strategies of a brand. This additionally incorporates proposals for the particular strategies used to implement that system. It is an extraordinary situation for somebody who is creative and appreciates teaming up with others. They frequently work intimately with the marketing team, as well as sales and product teams. 

Abilities to possess (to have or to learn): 

If you need to turn into a digital strategist, you will need a couple of tech and digital abilities. Generally along the lines of online advertising, creating HTML emails and email marketing, metrics and analytics programs, and social networking.


Content marketing managers handle the promoting centered content of a brand, including composing blog entries, pamphlets, white papers, and now and again social media posts that line up with the organization’s strategy. They also promote that content regularly in a joint effort with others on the marketing teams. 

Abilities to possess (to have or to learn): 

Being able to reliably come up with new and creative thoughts for content and how to promote it is an essential ability that content marketing managers need to have. It is also convenient if you have some fundamental HTML and CSS skills (for making email campaigns just as organizing blog entries and articles). Just as WordPress abilities since there is a decent possibility that is the thing that you will be publishing content with (WordPress is by a wide margin the most mainstream content administration framework (CMS) out there). 


Web developers make the code that powers websites and web applications. The web developers work with programming languages including HTML, CSS, JavaScript, Ruby on Rails, PHP, and Python. They likewise keep up and scale sites as they develop and advance over the long run. A few engineers work closely with designers, while others take on both of the roles. In case you are new to tech and you have zero experience in the field. Then you will presumably need to search for work titles like “Junior Web Developer” or “Jr Web Engineer” rather than senior ones.

Abilities to possess (to have or to learn): 

Being able to come up with new designs and implement them as indicated by the designer’s specifications is an indispensable ability that engineers need to have, regardless of what kind of coding language they are working in. Engineers frequently have tight cutoff times to meet, so make sure you enjoy a fast-paced environment is an absolute necessity. 


Data analysts gather data and information to discover an understanding of specific topics. Data is regularly gathered through reviews, metrics, and different methods, and afterward, experts aggregate the data, decipher it, and present it in easier to understand designs (like diagrams or infographics). It is also their responsibility to identify where improvements can be made to processes based on hard data and to identify trends in data they collect.

Abilities to possess (to have or to learn): 

Data analysts should be capable of databases, programming languages like JavaScript or XML, and data mining and segmentation processes. Design skills are also a welcomed skill since presenting your findings in a simple and easy to understand manner way is vital. 


Digital analysts gather, break down, and interpret digital promoting data. They make and recognize key performance metrics, and evaluate how successful various approaches are. They also frequently participate in A/B testing, client feedback and research, and other advertising data collection. Great digital analysts possess a blend of business and marketing skills, technical skills, and analytical skills.

Abilities to possess  (to have or to learn): 

Digital analysts need to have a piece of in-depth knowledge on measurement applications Google Analytics and tools for A/B testing and customer research. Basic HTML and CSS abilities are additionally helpful. Since it makes testing more streamlined (since minor changes don’t need to be done through a designer or engineer). In any case, since you can learn HTML and CSS through free coding camps, this is an ideal Entry Level IT job for amateurs. 


Project managers are the Type A coordinators who keep web improvement or other tech-related groups on track. That may mean interfacing with clients if you end up working at a digital organization or web design firm. Their job also includes day-to-day coordinating between web designers, web developers, and other stakeholders. PMs will run a ton of gatherings and compose a ton of recap messages, so extraordinary presentation and communication skills are not only a requirement, they are an unquestionable requirement. 

Abilities to possess  (to have or to learn): 

When you are further down the project management career path, there are formal seminars on project management (and resulting certifications). Yet if you are new to tech, a junior project manager role relies heavily on communication and interpersonal skills.

All things considered, since you will be working at a tech group, working knowledge of HTML and CSS also another web design and graphic design platforms is an incredible advantage (so you realize how to speak with your tech colleagues!). If your firm builds new sites on WordPress or another CMS, they may need you to have the option to step in and help customers with more modest projects—like arranging the page or uploading the content. Finally, it is incredible to have working information on different project management platforms like Basecamp, JIRA, Slack, and so forth. 


Like junior web developers, junior web designers ordinarily function as collaborators or understudies to more experienced designers in a group. That may mean assisting with the organizing of weekly newsletters, producing resources for different presentations or projects, or in any event, designing simpler and smaller websites. Web designers work with HTML and CSS just as programs like Photoshop (for making wireframes, mockups, and webpage resources). 

Abilities to possess (to have or to learn): 

You will require some working information on plan essentials, design fundamentals (likely through the Adobe Creative Suite—so if you have print design experience, you are already better than the rest), and how HTML and CSS work. Bonus points in case you are knowledgeable in responsive design, which is the business standard nowadays. 


The ascent of content marketing has helped the position of Social Media Manager/ Social Media Coordinator qualify as a “tech work.” Social media jobs are an extraordinary Entry level IT Job for anybody keen on making a career in digital marketing. To dominate as a social media manager, you will need to feel good about pulling data and reports. Sorting out social schedules and following examples to devise some new techniques for development. A considerable lot of these jobs also advantage from working information on design and writing skills. (You must realize how to compose quippy subtitles!) 

Abilities to possess (to have or to learn): 

Attention to detail, extreme passion for social media trends, copywriting skills, fundamental information on analytics tools and data interpretation, and some involvement in social media scheduling tools (MeetEdgar, HubSpot, Later, and so forth) 


In case you are energetic about writing and editing. Also, to have some tech aptitudes, a web editor job may be ideal for you. Consider this a standout amongst other tech jobs for people who do not have much experience in tech. Numerous sites publish content every day, regardless of whether that is as blog content or new product pages. A web editor is liable for uploading, formatting, and optimizing that content for visitors. Now and then, the web editor is additionally important for the publication group, assisting with reexamining articles to ensure they are better formatted for digital readers. 

Abilities to possess (to have or to learn): 

You will require solid information on content management systems (WordPress is best, yet nowadays, numerous sites are run on Squarespace too) and in a perfect world some copywriting aptitudes. Many locales are progressively keen on streamlining for search, so some SEO experience would be a huge advantage. 



In reality, this job intently matches a web editor job. The fundamental differentiation (assuming any) is that while a web editor may assume a part in altering content, most web content managers (some of the time called CMS administrators) are answerable for the way toward formatting and optimizing that content for the web. 

Regularly, these jobs exist at bigger online business or media locales where there is a great deal of content to upload, publish, and refresh. This is an extraordinary job for somebody who is careful and likes getting things coordinated. It is also an incredible job if you would prefer to move into a digital editor or publicist job sometime in the future, but you are aware that your writing skills need a bit of polishing.

Abilities to possess (to have or to learn): 

Concrete information on how content management systems work, mainly WordPress. Proven experience in Excel or any other spreadsheet programs. Search Engine Optimization knowledge and attention to detail is a plus.

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All You Need to Know About Software Development Agreement and Types of NDAs

Nowadays, everyone from small & medium-sized businesses to big firms relies on software development. The software applications have covered a lot of fields like customer services, marketing, business development, and more. To work comfortably with each other on the software development project, the software developers and clients need to have a well-thought agreement prepared.

The software development agreement will help to answer all the questions that arise during the software development procedure. It works as a shield to the conflicts. Here in this blog, we will look at the legal documents’ details and what it includes.

What is a Software Development Agreement?

The software development agreement is a bond between the software developers and the clients that describes details. The development team will create a software application for their client as per the specifications. There are chances that the design and development may vary, but that entirely depends on the project’s complexity.

A software development agreement is a guideline that prevents disputes. In some cases, if any problem arises, then this agreement can allow solving. Here are some of the essential aspects that are included in the software development agreement.


Every customer who hires a software development company to create their custom software desires to look at the product as each module is designed.

Therefore, creating regular milestones will break down the project into small deliverables, and clients will be able to see their software in small parts.

The developers will reach the work’s agreement stage at the end of each milestone and assume that the work is signed off.

2.Development Process

The software development process may differ depending on the complexity and nature of the project. But some of the common considerations while preparing for an agreement are –

  •   How involved will the clients be in the development process?
  •   What will be the specification agreement procedure?
  •   How much will the after charges be for any changes?


Testing software is actual work. The software development team gets the client’s approval about the details of the testing requirements and checks if the software is working correctly.

4.Intellectual Property

Intellectual property defines the ownership of the software source code. It specifies the details of who owns the copyright of the code. It is the nature that the software needs to be copied. Therefore, the developer will either grant the license to the customer or will provide intellectual rights.

5.Software Integration

Whether the software developer has to install the new software in the client’s working systems or integrate with another software that the client is currently using is specified in the software development agreement.


Support provision can be added to the software development agreement to have a clarification about the support service after software installation. The contract details can be about the support provided, the response time, and the kind of assistance that would incur additional charges.


As new technologies arise, the software changes. This means that you need to blend the software with other programs if needed. There are chances that the software needs to be upgraded to continue its use. The agreement should include details like – what type of upgrades are required? Who will apply for any enhancements?


Besides all the core software development services, the agreement should also include details about the consultancy and training. This can be itemized in the specification with other services that the client might require.

9.Source Code

The majority of the time, customers would become critical about their business’s success, and they would want to own the entire project once it is ready. Therefore, they would like to acknowledge the source code, eliminating the developer’s need if something happens.


Any party, the developer, or the client can terminate the software development agreement if there is any breach in terms of the contract or any other matter. A clause about the termination of the agreement must be added.


The aim of having an agreement for any software outsourcing company is to avoid disputes. If any disputes arise, then the contract can help out solve it and give a clear idea.

Standard Provisions in Software Development Agreement

The agreement for software development is a set of rules on which the developer sells the customized software to the customer. Then the client will incorporate this software into his services. The agreement varies according to the size and scope of the software, but the commonly included clauses are –

1.Engagement of Develo

2.Client Responsibilities

3.Acceptance of Software

4.Compensation & Payment



7.Property Rights


9.Limitation of Liability


After learning about software development agreements, let us understand what NDA is.

What is a Software Development Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA)?

The NDA is a legal contract between the client and the software developers. It is an outline of the data that needs to be shared and kept confidential. Generally, NDA is required when two parties are entering a business like a software development project.

NDA is all about sharing confidential information to evaluate the business relationship. The non-disclosure agreement for the software development projects comes in the short and simple or long and full pattern. Despite the simplicity and complexities, NDA includes some of the common aspects like –

  1. Identification

The software development non-disclosure agreement identifies the two parties – recipients and disclosures.

  1. Definition

NDA defines the information that might be considered confidential for a software development project by both the clients and the software development company.

  1. Disclosure

The disclosure clause specifies how the information in the disclosed section may or may not be used.

  1. Time

The duration of the agreement is typically valid for 1 to 3 years. The parties can define their term of the period and also specify the requirement of the return.

Different Types of Software Development Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA)

The primary purpose of the non-disclosure agreement is to prevent the business’s confidential information from becoming public. There are two different types of NDAs that the custom software development company can have for their clients.

  1. Mutual Non-Disclosure Agreement

When the companies are looking forward to a potential partnership like a merger or a collaboration, both parties need to share all the confidential and sensitive information to make a perfect decision about the partnership.

  1. Unilateral Non-Disclosure Agreement

The unilateral agreement is all about a contract that states that one party cannot reveal the information provided by another party.


Software development agreements are an essential part of the software development process. It specifies the clients’ rules and the software developers’ details to work as partners in creating an efficient software application. The contract provides legal backing to both the parties. So, if you are running a software development company, constructing a perfect software development agreement template is essential. And if you are a client, you need to thoroughly go through the contract and make sure it has all the required details.


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Do’s And Don’ts On Your First Job Interview

In this way, your first historically job interview has been booked and your psyche is conjuring up a wide range of best and most pessimistic scenario situations of what’s in store. Will it be a short, windy, and casual visit finishing with a strong handshake and a job offer? Or on the other hand, will you be met with a board of harsh faces who will go through one hour cross-examining you as you break out into cold sweats? 

Most would agree that your first job interview can appear to be a mystery, subsequently why I have chosen to give you some clarity: 

Interviews are a two-way discussion 

Along these lines, we should begin with why you are being interviewed. The interviewer needs to a) see if you are a solid match as far as abilities, potential, and character, and b) have you with a positive impression of the organization and opportunity. They won’t accomplish both of these things if you have a negative experience and don’t feel great to perform at your best. Subsequently, expect and get ready for less cross-examination, and to a greater extent a two-way discussion whereby you both evaluate each other’s propriety. 

What’s more, likewise with anything, planning on the two sides is the way into an effective interview. Along these lines, in front of your first job interview, I would inform you that you plan for each regarding the stages laid out beneath, looking for the help of your recruiter where fundamental: 

Stage 1: Arriving at the reception 

Your appearance is your first opportunity to show your certainty and polished skill, and even this piece of the interview needs groundbreaking. 

Prior to the interview, your recruiter will have given you the critical data about the number of individuals you will meet, their complete names and job titles, at what time, and where. Have this data spared both on your telephone and printed out for reference. I would likewise propose that you: 

Plan your course, show up at any rate 15 minutes ahead of schedule, and set aside a few minutes for surprising deferrals.

Pick your outfit ahead of time, ensuring you have keen interview clothing, regardless of whether the worker clothing standard is casual. 

Welcome the interviewer in a manner that oozes confidence; that is, with a wide grin, solid handshake, and an upstanding posture. 

While holding up in gathering, sit upright, oppose the impulse to use your cell phone and some other individual gadgets, and be respectful to the assistant and any other person you come into contact with. 

Stage 2: The start of your first historically speaking job interview 

Presently, onto the interview itself. You will be taken to a private and calm space by your interviewer(s) and they will probably offer you a beverage – I recommend that you request water if you don’t have any with you, in case you need to get some time and take a taste when pondering your answers. 

Whenever you’re sat in the interview room, your interviewer will present themselves, and in all probability get some information about the organization. They’ll need to watch that you are eager about this job and that you care enough to have done your examination. 

There’s no reason for not getting your work done in this age of digitalization, so a couple of days before the interview, plan to discuss the beneath in your own words. Ensure you show a certifiable interest, featuring whatever you discovered especially noteworthy and requesting that your enrollment specialist explain anything you’re not sure on: 

How the organization framed, when, why, and by whom. This data should be accessible on the organization history segment of the site. 

Their particular items and administrations, in addition to their qualities and remarkable selling, focus as an association.

Any ongoing triumphs and missions. Investigate their social media pages to improve thought.

Your interviewer will at that point proceed to talk somewhat more about the job, and how this finds a way into the more extensive business, hence it would likewise be a smart thought to bring a notebook and pen so you can write down any inquiries that you need to pose toward the end. 

Stage 3: Talking the interviewer through your CV 

Next, your interviewer will request that you talk through your CV. This is on the grounds that they need you to disclose to them the account of your vocation to date, and essentially what’s directed to you sitting before them today. 

In view of this, carry a duplicate of your CV with you to the interview for reference, and plan ahead so you can interface this highly contrasting record to the job you are applying for: 

Choose which parts of your CV you need to just give a feature diagram of, and which to really expound on. For instance, you might be applying for a sales job. Accordingly, you would talk more about your retail internship and previous jobs rather than accomplishments in any other field.

Plan to clarify any gaps in your CV. Regardless of whether you were traveling, studying or job looking – let the interviewer realize that you were accomplishing something.

Pick the zones of your CV to expound on by featuring the interests, scholarly accomplishments, and extracurricular exercises that identify with the job, especially any adaptable aptitudes learned here. 

Finish up by clarifying how your excursion so far has driven you here today and why you’re keen on the chance. 

Taking into account that this is your first job interview, you very likely have restricted insight, thusly you may feel stressed that you don’t have a very remarkable story to tell. You do. You simply need to arrange for how to tell it. 

Stage 4: Answering the interviewer’s inquiries 

Following on from this, your interviewer will have arranged a bunch of inquiries to pose to you with the goal that they can evaluate your appropriateness for the job. These inquiries will gauge your key capabilities, your capability to prevail in the job, and whether you would be a decent character fit. 

Considering this, it is in both of your inclinations that you answer genuinely and don’t misrepresent your abilities and experience. Simultaneously, you will have some incredible qualities to your name – so don’t be hesitant to sing your own praises by the same token! 

Get ready by exploring the most generally asked interview inquiries, for example, “For what reason do you think you are appropriate for this job?” Plan the central issues to remember for your answers heretofore, and recollect these rules and regulations: 

DO: Speak politely and clearly.

DO: Maintain a decent posture, solid eye to eye contact, and an open smile.

DO: Back up any cases about your abilities with proof of these aptitudes in real life.

DO: Relate your answers back to how they would be valuable to the job.

DO: Have a structure in your psyche for your interview answers to prevent you from meandering aimlessly or going thinking about something else. Work on responding to some interview addresses adhering to this system. 

Try not to: Answer any inquiry with “I don’t know”. Pose the interviewer to reframe the question or express it distinctively if you didn’t understand.

Try not to: Speak adversely about any of your encounters. Certain inquiries may provoke this, for example: “For what reason did you find employment elsewhere in retail?” While we empower straightforwardness, you likewise should be proficient and positive.

Try not to: Interrupt. Pause for a second subsequent to being asked an interview inquiry to check the interviewer has got done with talking. This will likewise offer you one moment to consider your responses. 

If you haven’t as of now, ask a companion, relative, or your selection representative to go through some training interview inquiries with you previously. Your selection representative can give you a superior thought of the sorts of inquiries to expect, just as helpful criticism on your answers. 

Stage 5: Asking the interviewer any inquiries you have 

Next, you will be approached if you have any inquiries for the interviewer. Try not to think little of the significance of this piece of the interview. Your interviewer needs to realize that you are keen on the job, and set aside the effort to set up certain inquiries so you could discover more. Having said that, there are acceptable inquiries to pose, and terrible inquiries to pose, and it is fundamental that you comprehend the distinction before you go up to the interview. For instance: 

DO: Ask inquiries regarding your job, e.g.- “How has this job developed?” 

DO: Ask inquiries concerning the organization that couldn’t undoubtedly be discovered on the web, e.g.- “How might you portray the organization culture?” 

Try not to: Ask individual inquiries regarding the interviewer, for example – “How old would you say you are?” 

Try not to: Ask questions that start with “Would I have to?” This shows hesitance and sounds negative.

Try not to: Ask inquiries concerning occasions, advantages, and compensation. This could sound arrogant and will be brought by means of your recruiter later down the line at any rate.

Stage 6: Leaving your first job interview 

At long last, your interviewer will in all probability wrap up the interview by affirming the following phases of the cycle. Now, they are dealing with your expectations, as they may have a couple of different possibilities to see, and the decision-making process can require significant time. You can likewise consider this to be your opportunity to have a decent last effect, so make sure to thank the interviewer for their time, and affirm your advantage in the job. 

After your interview, call your recruiter for criticism on how you think it went. They may well give you some criticism from the interviewer as well, so make note of this. I would likewise exhort that you send a subsequent email for the selection representative to pass to the interviewer, by and by expressing gratitude toward them for their time and emphasizing your advantage. 

Stage 7: Following up after your first job interview 

Throughout the following not many days you ought to hear back from your selection representative, so keep your phone close by with the volume turned on, and browse your emails routinely. Fingers crossed you get some uplifting news; either that you are through to the following round of interviews, or far better, you have been extended to the employment opportunity!

If it’s bad news, offer yourself a break, all things considered, this is your first job interview! Ensure you discover why you weren’t offered the position, accepting both the positive and not all that positive criticism, so you can improve your interview strategy for next time. Stay in contact with your recruiter, on the grounds that at this stage, they definitely understand what you are searching for and what you have to bring to the table, and they can put you forward for other appropriate jobs. 

I hope I have helped facilitate a portion of your nerves in front of your first historically speaking job interview, and the greater part of your dread was simply dread of the obscure. Keep in mind, if you realize what to envision, and how best to plan for each stage, you are in with a solid possibility of getting to the following stage simultaneously. If not, utilize the experience as an expectation to absorb information and a venturing stone towards future interview achievement.

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Salary Negotiation Decoded: How to Negotiate Salary with HR?

Regardless of whether you’re an established worker at your organization or you’re near finding your dream job, arranging a more suitable salary is something nobody should avoid. 

For many individuals, salary dealings can be one of the most overwhelming possibilities of one’s vocation. In any case, there are numerous methods of planning which will limit your concerns and assist you with acknowledging your own value as well as precisely what pay would be suitable for somebody in your job. 

If you feel that your salary is generally not reflective of the significance of the work you do, it’s essential that you approach the issue impartially and arrange proof supporting your case. 

What Are Salary Negotiations? 

Whether or not you’re a fresh recruit or a drawn-out representative, you ought to consistently feel engaged to make some noise If that you feel your salary and advantages bundle are not in accordance with the worth you bring to your organization. 

Pay dealings are conversations you hold with a delegate of either your current or forthcoming organization. An individual from the HR office will regularly be available, if not the essential individual with whom your conversations are held. 

Notwithstanding numerous individuals’ interests, there is positively no explanation that salary negotiations should turn antagonistic. Recall that you and they are at last on a similar side. The most gainful salary negotiations are those between people who recognize and acknowledge their shared objective: that employees get a reasonable salary as per their value. 

For what reason is it Important to Negotiate Salary? 

You need to remember that arranging your salary is an altogether typical and satisfactory practice inside your ability as a worker. Accepting the salary you merit is all essential for the headway of your profession. 

Your salary is illustrative of more than only what is being saved into your ledger. It is demonstrative of your organization’s enthusiasm for your work, your worth, and your aptitudes. It is additionally your organization’s immediate methods for supporting you and your work-life balance. 

It’s Not Just Your Salary You’re Negotiating .

It’s critical to remember that your salary includes the occupation related advantages you get. Haggling for a portion of these advantages will help you in accomplishing the total salary and advantages bundle that you feel is fitting for your function at the organization. These advantages include: 

  • Mentoring and instructing. This is, basically, inestimable. Both can prompt your own proficient development as well as the development of your associations with pioneers inside the organization. 
  • Health and wellness. Just as clinical and dental protection, haggling for such advantages as fitness stipends, healthcare, and gym membership can enhance your primary concern. 
  • Childcare. The venture of childcare, as far as both cash and time, can rapidly add up. Haggling for childcare is a viable path for guardians to make sure about a more advantageous working plan. 
  • Flexibility. The choices of working from home, working while at the same time going or working to an alternate timetable can be unquestionably more alluring than a more significant salary for certain individuals. 
  • Training, proficient turn of events, and affirmations. Only some organizations offer successful certification programs to their workers. Career-oriented people should try to haggle for improvement assets as a feature of their benefits package. 
  • University educational cost repayment. Schooling cost is getting perpetually costly. Haggling for repayment on your time reading is hugely engaging for those workers who wish to proceed with their schooling. 

It’s a given that your salary itself is significant while thinking about an offer or signing another dabbed line, yet the previously mentioned types of pay can likewise be vital to a reasonable salary exchange. 

How Do I Ascertain My Worth?

Before you start salary negotiations, it’s imperative to direct research and discover how much your occupation is worth in the market in general. What are your aptitudes and experience truly worth to your boss, current or imminent? By being readied and equipped with proof to back up your statements, you will have the option to introduce a lot stronger case. 

Salaries are reliant on an immense number of components, including status, geology, and industry, so choosing an alluring salary will be dependent upon you finding what you can reasonably ask for. Glassdoor’s amazing “Know Your Worth” tool can give you a customized assessed market an incentive for your part, just as data on what others in your job are being paid. 

When you have a rough approximation for your fairly estimated value, you will have the option to contrast it with the normal salary of the situation for which you are competing. Glassdoor can help you gauge the salary for a function before you even apply for it. 

7 Need-to-Know Salary Negotiation Skills

There is no single reading material way to deal with salary negotiations, so it’s essential to be profoundly mindful of your current circumstance, your value, and your field prior to going into them. 

Salary negotiations are not a fight. Realizing how to negotiate a higher salary involves agreeing with your boss and you will encounter the most ideal result. 

1) Look Confident (regardless of whether don’t feel it) 

Put on that game face. You need to show up absolutely certain about the position you are taking inside the negotiations. Try not to settle. Know your value and remember why you mentioned a salary negotiation in any case. 

Keep in mind that negotiations are frequently opened at the lower end of the salary range, for the straightforward explanation that employees or up-and-comers are relied upon to haggle for something more serious. Be respectful and expert, however, similarly don’t avoid standing your corner. All things considered, obviously, never appear to be pompous. This can enormously hurt your situation in the dealings as well as your standing in the long haul. Continuously be generous, regardless of whether — particularly if — you don’t leave the negotiations having gained what you needed. 

2) Resist making — or accepting — the primary offer 

If you are straightforwardly asked what your salary prerequisites are, attempt to try not to express a careful figure. Consider rather reacting that your salary necessities depend on both the job you are going for and the general pay bundle. On the other hand, propose that you believe you need more data about the duties of the function before you can examine salary. If, for reasons unknown, you feel obliged or constrained to make the principal offer, reach skyward inside practical limits, with the objective being to compromise with their presumable counteroffer in the middle. 

It’s likewise significant to not simply acknowledge the primary offer. If you believe you need time to consider the big picture, don’t be hesitant to say as much. Timetable another gathering for a couple of days’ time and get back with a sure counteroffer when you’re prepared. 

3) Prepare some strong inquiries 

Show that you have given the dealings some genuine idea by concocting some vital questions for the agent of the organization. 

  • “How could you result in these present circumstances figure?” If they take the first move and name a salary, make certain to enquire after the computations and reasoning behind it. This will likewise permit you to check whether what you’re being offered is a hard cap or an expected springboard for additional dealings. 
  • “What is the standpoint for raises and promotions?” Regardless of whether your salary is debatable, you ought to consistently know about what way your profession could take later on should you acknowledge the offer. 
  • “Might I be able to have this proposal in writing?” Settling on a salary in support of yourself is extraordinary, certain — yet it makes no difference until it’s on paper. 
  • “Other than the base salary, what other advantages are debatable?” These advantages may incorporate education and training, medical insurance, vacation time, paid leave, and moving expenses. Likewise, remember that your salary may not decisively be up for exchange — yet this doesn’t mean your benefits package won’t be. 
  • “What measurements do you use to assess a worker’s success?” Having this data to hand can deliver you extraordinary profits whenever you wind up back at the arranging table. 

4) Come with a salary range, not a solitary figure 

If that you are squeezed for your salary necessities, guarantee that you generally offer a reach, in light of what others in the field are acquiring. You can obtain this information from your very own examination, which you can depend on to educate your arranging position and strategy. Being adaptable, rather than adhering ardently to a solitary figure, encourages you in your negotiations as a rule and furthermore permits you to all the more effectively arrive at a trade-off. 

5) Practice your pitch 

Try not to leave the day of the exchange alone the first occasion when you hear your pitch emerging from your mouth! Ask somebody you trust to tune in to your pitch so they can assess it from a more target stance. Besides, rehearsing your pitch out loud methods you will become accustomed to the rhythm of your focuses when contextualized in a conversational setting. Keep in mind, you can’t disparage the significance of being seen as cool, quiet, and gathered during a negotiation. 

6) Be cognizant of your influence 

Your arranging power is profoundly dependent upon your present business status and circumstance. If you are jobless and looking for work, it’s more reasonable to hope to acquire around your old salary, maybe even somewhat less, than it is to hope to go in after a break from work and quickly be earning more than you used to.

7) Don’t avoid showing your worth 

If your counteroffer is dismissed, be prepared to clarify definitely why you accept your solicitation is, truth be told, legitimized. Show exactly how the organization would profit from your ability by referring to clear and noteworthy instances of how you have increased the value of your previous (and current) work environments. Demonstrate that you have genuinely and truly assessed and concentrated each aspect of your salary. Additionally, be ready for a definitive inquiry they can toss at you: “For what reason do you merit this salary?” 

Haggle for your dream pay 

There’s no should be on edge while thinking about how to arrange your salary. Toward the day’s end, you are similarly as significant to your organization (or planned organization) as they are to you. Pay negotiations are a vital part of each representative’s vocation at some stage. However long you’re readied, sure, agreeable, proficient, and genuine, you won’t go far wrong. 

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Magento 2 Migration: An Interview With an Expert

Now that the official support of the Magento 1 platform has come to its end, the question of Magento migration is more debated than ever. Especially keeping in mind the complexity of the “moving” process from the technical perspective on the one side and the outstanding advancement opportunities that it can bring, including the chance to build progressive web applications on the basis of Magento 2, on the other.

Therefore, if you’re a business owner with a store up on Magento 1 who is in two minds about whether you should migrate to Magento 2 or not, this interview can help you “dot the I’s and cross the T’s”. We’ve interviewed an experienced Magento expert and Chief Technology Officer at Onilab, Alex Husar, and asked him the most often occurring questions regarding Magento 1 migration to Magento 2. Below you’re welcome to read what we’ve learned!

Why migrate to Magento 2 if the site works fine on the 1st version of the platform?

Well, perhaps, the fairest answer to this question is that you’ll still have to go for migration sooner or later. Yes, your store may be functioning and performing well at the moment, and the truth is that you can keep the store up on Magento 1 for a while, there is no ASAP rush. But the site will become incompatible in a year or so whether you like it or not.

And since the migration procedure is rather complicated and quite time-consuming, you must keep in mind the large time frames ahead if you do decide to move.

Plus, after some time passes, it’ll become more and more difficult to keep up your Magento 1 store and add new functionality to it. Mainly because the Magento team stopped releasing updates and modules for this version of the store, switching their focus completely on Magento 2. So, if you’d want to add some features to M1, you’d face the need for custom solutions.

In any case, the move to Magento 2 brings tons of opportunities. You can re-think the store’s design and visuals, improve your navigation, add new features that deal with SEO, mobile optimization, neater checkout solutions, etc. You may even take advantage of the chance to create a PWA application after the move to M2 (no such chance with PWAs on M1, by the way).

At the end of the day, all of this modernization and advancement can lead to a new and improved store with enhanced performance and better conversions. So I guess I’d say what’s the point of delaying?

Can a Magento 1 store face hazards if you don’t migrate?

Definitely! Because the official Magento team won’t be releasing nor updating the security patches for the first version of the platform anymore, it’s vital to understand that the longer you stay on Magento 1, the more you’re jeopardizing your eCommerce site.


The things that you should worry about here are the possible hacks and other vulnerabilities of the store that can occur due to this. Without proper “defense”, your site can become easier to “attack”. Let me give you an example to back this idea up.

For instance, you surely don’t want to fall prey to some fraudulent activity that’ll lead to data leaks. As a store owner, you take full responsibility for keeping safe the data that your customers trusted you with (this includes their personal information like their delivery address, contact details, and even more so, payment details). If this information leaks on your fault, such a scenario can lead you to heavy and costly legal consequences.

This is one of the main reasons I’d suggest not to postpone the migration question.

So why do many business owners procrastinate their migration to Magento 2?

I assume this is because they might not see the point in it or don’t get why it’s necessary. Say, they enjoy the store just the way it is and are afraid that it’ll hurt it rather than help it.

Or they might not know how not migrating can harm their business. Another reason could be, perhaps, that they don’t have the budget for migration and are saving up for doing it later.

They can even be thinking about switching from Magento to some different eCommerce platform altogether. There are many probable reasons, really, each case is individual.

But what most Magento store owners don’t quite understand is that the first and second versions of the platform are very different technically, it’s like comparing the moon and the sun. Magento 1 and Magento 2 have very few things in common, apart from the name. This means that the migration process isn’t easy and requires experienced certified Magento developers who know both of the platforms, their differences, and other migration peculiarities.

Therefore before making a final decision to put off migration to M2, bear in mind that the procedure isn’t simple, implies the work of strong experienced specialists, and a deal of time.

And how long can migration from Magento 1 to 2 take?

The time frames for migration from Magento 1 to Magento 2 is a very individual question. The required hours of development will depend on a plethora of factors. These include how highly-customized the eCommerce store is, how large it is (including in terms of database volumes and logs), how many third-party modules it has, and, of course, how many new features are needed on the website after migration.

It’s very rare that a site owner wishes to just transfer the store from M1 to M2 without making any additional improvements to it. But even if this is the case, count on at least two to four months. If you’re planning on implementing new features and improving the site, then we’re talking about four months and up (again, the more new stuff you want and the harder it is to build, the more time will be needed). If you want to get a PWA that everyone’s recently craving, then add on several more months into the equation.

What are the most common Magento 2 migration issues?

To be fair, many things can go wrong during the process. It’s not like you copy what the Magento 1 store has and paste it on to Magento 2. This procedure requires lots of work, configuration, set-ups, untangling, and debugging.

As a rule, a lot of inexperienced teams underestimate the volumes ahead during the planning and evaluation stage. Because the two platforms have too many dissimilarities in terms of their architecture, it can get tricky to get things right. Therefore, thorough planning of the work ahead is an important step not to overlook as it can arise issues.

Not everything will be moved either, for instance, you might not need some logs from a decade ago or some of the currently used features. So, you’ll be sorting some parts of the site and deciding what to “take with you” to the second Magento. Likewise, the Magento 2 database migration generally presents an additional difficulty.

The challenge with the compatibility of modules is among the toughest that the team deals with. Every store contains various plugins, be it SEO, emails, payment methods, etc. Some of these modules are released by Magento, others are from third-parties or even coded uniquely for the store. Developers must find analogs to replace the modules on Magento 2 (since the ones on Magento 1 won’t work) and spend time configuring them. In situations when no equivalents are present, these solutions have to be coded from scratch.

What else? The re-design usually takes a while as well. New features to be added extend further development. Moreover, the same applies to any custom solutions that you’ll need.

Frankly, one more issue with migration that can be faced is hiring the wrong people for the job. If your team isn’t familiar with both of the platforms well enough or lacks previous migration experience, this can knot up and complexify the whole process to a big extent. This is why you shouldn’t hurry when looking for a development team for migration who you can trust. 

Final Thoughts

Summing up the above, according to the expert opinion given in this article, migration to Magento 2 from Magento 1 has more ups than downsides. Although the process of migration isn’t simple in itself nor is it fast, a qualified team can help you boost your eCommerce store, make it more modern, compatible, and safe. Hope that this Q&A has de-veiled answers to some commonly occurring doubts. Don’t hesitate to reach out to us if you have more questions on the subject!

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The Importance of UX / UI Design in Optimizing Your Platform

UI what?

You’ve probably heard someone around you talk about UX (user experience) or even UI (user interface) design. Although these terms are used often, they are now often victims of the current trend. Does it sound better in a conversation to say “We changed the location of this call to action to improve the user experience” or “We changed the location of this button because it ‘s? is common sense, people read from left to right ”. Today, it seems more professional to talk about user experience than common sense, but what is it really?

You should first know that these terms have appeared following the increasing complexity of the web and the rise in the importance of the mobile platform. UX is not new, it is even present in all spheres of our lives, whether for a doorknob, a bottle of ketchup, or the route we take at the airport. If you’ve ever gotten lost in a building for lack of directions or because some posters were in the wrong place, you’ve had a bad user experience. The same goes for your website, application, or software.

Who is in charge of UX / UI?

In recent years, we have seen the roles of Designer UX and Designer UI appear in the field. Most web designers are actually UX / UI Designers now, but some companies, due to their size and/or the division of their departments, hire people who specialize in one or the other. Although sometimes treated separately, these two specialties are part of a whole which consists of improving the design and organization of an online platform and therefore making users want to come back to your site.

Improving the user interface (UI) is one of the steps in the journey to follow for an optimal improvement of the user experience (UX) of your platform. It will make navigation easier and more intuitive by working on the fluidity of the animations, the visibility of the elements, and the efficiency of the design.

As mentioned earlier, user experience (UX) at its core starts with common sense. On the other hand, if we take the time to do it correctly and with the right tools, there is a way to better measure the factors that will improve the simplicity, speed, intuitiveness of navigation, and therefore the conversion of users on your site. What may bring us to the next question …

How much does it cost?

In today’s competitive digital environment, user experience matters. UX was once a luxury and an added expense. Now a good UX is a key to success. Without UX, you run the risk of decreasing your sales, decreasing efficiency, increasing your training and development costs, and being outnumbered by the competition.

Usually, the user interface (UI) is the part of the UX that is optimized the most. Being the visible part, people tend to mistakenly believe that a spectacular and out of the ordinary design will solve all of their problems. While the aesthetic side of your website should not be overlooked, it is nevertheless important not to forget the hidden part of the iceberg: scientific data. A carefully designed, yet research-informed and data-validated interface will further improve your users’ conversion. Engagement is key, and that’s where a strong visual will come in handy.

If you only work on design intuition, you are missing out on the opportunity to compile data that will help you understand what users want and what will determine their behavior. By establishing concrete metrics and criteria, you can also build a plan and iteratively improve your website, application, or software over time. We recommend using research, analysis, and testing to validate that your user interface (UI) will meet your goals.


Knowing who your users are and what challenges they face are crucial. Compiling data will allow you to make informed design decisions.


An increased understanding of the competition is key. The data generated will allow you to make better decisions about design and functionality.


The tests will allow you to observe users interacting with your site and compare their browsing habits with the typical route you planned in order to reach your goals.

For these reasons among many others, the importance of science is very visible. The visual style will capture the interest of a user and elicit their engagement, but the science will validate that the decisions made at the visual design level respect the goals and objectives of your business, and not just your taste in terms of visuals.

Now how much does it cost? That was our initial question. As you can imagine, there are many factors to consider and a multitude of tools and techniques available to achieve your goals. It is therefore impossible to set a price without having assessed your needs and objectives. 

1. Understand

Knowing where you are coming from and where you want to go is crucial so that the following steps fit together well. You can follow to think of the below steps as the foundation of your website.

  • What is your business model?
  • What are the objectives of your enterprise?
  • What features are required?
  • What are your technological constraints?

2. Find & Analyze

The user-centered design begins with the definition of objectives and goals. It lays the foundation for strategy, design, content, and information architecture. Business priorities often overlook the reality of user needs. What works and matters to users is not always what works for us. At the research stage, we help you uncover the gaps in your knowledge at this level and align your assumptions with actual user expectations. We help you identify a strategy that meets both user needs and your business goals. Our analytical approach is focused on finding strategic information in order to better understand the reactions and interactions of your customers with your platform. Depending on the time and resources available, we choose the research methods that work best for you.

– Building personas

A tool that will help you better understand a subset of users. The persona takes attributes of similar users and associates them with the description of a single target group. It brings out details about the attitudes, behaviors, pain points, preferences, lifestyle, and motivations of this user group.

– Competitive analysis

The process of comparing a product to other similar products on the market allows us to better understand the characteristics, strengths, and weaknesses, branding, and user experience of products already available.

– Conversion rate analysis

“Converting” does not mean making a sale. Having a good conversion rate can represent all kinds of measurements. Unless you clearly define what you expect as “conversion,” you will not be able to achieve your goal. 

– Polls

It is possible to create a poll that will be sent to your target audience to get feedback, ask questions about the overall experience, and get information about the effectiveness of features. It is an economical way for designers to obtain information, although it will not be thorough enough compared to that obtained from user testing.

– Pain point analysis

Sometimes a problem can create frustration or inefficiency in the user’s navigation. In the early stages of our research, we may uncover these issues by asking users what solutions they are currently using to meet their needs. The current solution might not be quite adequate for the user to achieve their goals, either its execution is unpleasant, or it takes too much time. By obtaining this information, the designers, therefore, have the possibility of correcting the situation by improving the product.

– Focus Group

Bringing together a group of people allows us to ask questions and have discussions that will allow us to find common points in the experience and attitude of people towards your product.

3. Test

Based on the goals set at the start of the UX process, we help you establish the appropriate KPIs. Walter can organize user test sessions and perform detailed analysis to turn data into actionable design improvements. We use a variety of methods to collect user feedback, from remote user testing to one-on-one sessions. We will help you choose the ones that are right for you and that best suit the participants. We love surprises and are always open to any discovery that can help us improve your platform.

– Screen users (Screener)

A set of questions asked of participants in the research on potential users to ensure that they are part of the target audience. This selection helps to maximize research budgets and control the quality of results by ensuring that only qualified respondents are allowed to participate in the study.

– 5-second test

A quick 5-second exposure allows us to observe what users remember first about your product.

– Confidence

In the 5 second test, the user is asked how they perceive the credibility of the page, and if they feel confident enough on the site to make purchases or provide personal information.

– Usability

testing A test that consists of observing the user’s interactions with the interface to see how easily they can perform tasks, if they are having problems with the interface, and if the users are having problems that the designers would not have anticipated.

– Error analysis

An error made by a user during a usability test, accidental or not, allows us to observe a problem in the design of the interface. We also pay special attention to users who click on non-clickable items, look for functionality in the wrong place, enter the wrong type of information in a text field, and any other errors that point to potential improvement to be made.

– Think Aloud

A testing method where users think aloud when using a system. This allows us to learn more about what people think when determining how to navigate a new interface.

4. Structure

Ensuring that the visual structure and presentation of information on a platform is intuitive and correlates with user expectations is one of the foundations in optimizing the user experience. We make sure the right information is presented in the right way, in the right place, and at the right time. Wireframe mockups will help you visualize data structures and represent user interface functionality. They enable effective communication between team members and, more importantly, allow rapid testing of workflows, navigation, and overall data structure.

– Architecture and hierarchy of information

Creating or adjusting your tree structure is a good starting point in order to properly structure your site for optimal navigation. Ideally, your information hierarchy should match your goals, so that the most important information is the one that is most visible on the page.

– Creation of workflows

This step helps us to list the different paths that will be taken through the application, the software, or the website. It begins at the point of entry and follows the intermediate steps of the process, until its completion.

– Wireframes

Our team will provide you with a preliminary visualization of the interface layout. This step does not contain any fonts, colors, or texts and only focuses on the relationship between the different objects on the page. The purpose of the wireframe mockups is to explore how the site structure will be worked out, without being distracted by visual details that are irrelevant at the moment.

5. Designer & Programmer

The visual appeal of your product has a huge impact on users. While the information architecture of a product is important, it does not facilitate engagement per se. We use user-centric design to produce a consistent, predictable, and desirable effect on the target audience. By targeting users on a deeper and more emotional level, we make the user experience more enjoyable. The change of experience is accomplished by eliciting in the user an emotional response linked to his actions and achievements. One of the main goals of UX design is to add context to users’ natural behavior and in doing so provide them with a story they can learn from the experience.

With many years of experience, we lighten your load by ensuring that your platform looks and feels exactly as approved visuals and has been properly tested on different screens. Using the latest technology, we ensure that the design is translated into working code. We code strictly in accordance with the standards in force and assist you during more complex back-end integrations.

– Moodboard creation

Searching for visual inspirations (such as fonts, colors, or images) that capture the emotional response that a brand or site should elicit. In the early stages of the design strategy, the mood board can help set the tone for any design choices made during the mockup and prototyping stages.

– Creation of models

A design tool to pin the final graphic elements of an interface. Rather than focusing on functionality, a mockup describes how the interface looks.

– Demo

The demo that will be provided to you is a preliminary version of your platform which allows us to test the functionalities and make some small adjustments before it goes live.

6. Test & Continuously Improve

Although we have previously done tests and analyses to optimize your site to its maximum, you should know that the optimization of a website never ends. In order to consistently stay one step ahead of your competition, you will need to stay on top of new trends and changes in your users. Our clients who understand that continuous improvement is the key are the ones who get the best return on their investment.

– A / B Testing

This is about showing users one of two versions of the same page and determining which one performs better in terms of metrics, such as conversions or click-through rates. Pages typically include a change to a single feature, such as the color, text, or location of a button.

How much value can investing in UX bring you?

A high level of user satisfaction will ensure your business growth and sustainability. You will be able to achieve this goal by creating a high-quality product. Improve your reputation today by investing in UX.

Ultimately, a good user experience leads to:

  • Improved performance – Products that perform better
  • Increased Exposure – Better Products and Good Word of Mouth Marketing
  • Improved credibility – More interest and confidence in the brand, therefore a low bounce rate
  • Long-term reductions in design and development costs – Lower initial time/money investment
  • Increased Sales – Improved Conversion
  • Reduced training and errors – More productivity and efficiency for users

We recommend investing in UX, both science and aesthetics, in order to create products that will appeal to users. Calculating the ROI of UX is a good place to start convincing your partners that it’s worth it.


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Top 5 Free VPN Softwares To Hide IP Address

A Virtual Private Network (VPN) gives you anonymity on the internet and conceals your IP address. It establishes a secure tunnel through which your digital traffic lets you connect to the public internet network. A VPN shields your IP address and protects your data and digital privacy. 

People sign up for Virtual Private Network services. They provide encrypted connections that ensure your anonymity across the internet and security, even from people who use the same Wi-Fi network as you. It protects your information and the IP address from the virtual peering eye. Refer using this article from RouterLogin to get more insights about IP addresses.

A Virtual Private Network also allows access to sites that might be restricted in your region and will enable you to access a broader set of online resources. 

VPN Services and Softwares are relatively easy to access and use. They can be installed on your devices or used as an extension along with your default browser. 

Most VPN services available are paid, making people unfamiliar with them and their purpose hesitant in trying them out. 

Here is a list of 5 VPN Softwares that provide excellent service for free.

1. Speedify

Speedify provides free VPN services and allows you to connect to multiple internet channels using Channel Bonding, making your web surfing faster and more dependable. It can be accessed across various devices and has the same interface, user-friendly, and easy to navigate.

You also can choose either the TCP or UDP network protocols, and it transitions smoothly in case of Network changes from Wi-Fi to the Cellular Network or vice versa. 

Many people prefer Speedify not because of the VPN service but because of its Channel Bonding and command over failovers in networks, making a speedy user experience. Upload speeds via Speedify are faster than ever and also provides secure data encryption for your internet access.

2. HideMe

HideMe is a VPN provider that aids your online safety. It provides both free and paid services for you to choose from and is one of the most reliable VPNs in the market.

 It keeps no logs, and the encryption extends even beyond the browser. 

 HideMe conceals your IP address, keeps your data encrypted, and is also compatible with TOR, providing added security to you as you surf the web. It also works with torrenting and can be used for secure downloads. 

It also has a built-in internet kill switch, which will protect your privacy even if the VPN connection drops and protects your data. 

3. Windscribe

Windscribe is a free Canada based VPN provider and AdBlock service, Which encrypts your browsing activity and blocks advertisements. It lets you access data from around the world, even from resources that the government might have restricted in your region.

It also protects your DNS records and does not track your data. Windscribe comes with a generous data limit of 10GB per month for free and lets you block IP networks.

Windscribe is a reliable VPN service that protects from DNS and IP leaks and allows Torrenting on most of its networks. It is a dependable option for free VPN Software.

4. ProtonVPN 

ProtonVPN is a free VPN provider with no ads or speed limits. It sends your internet traffic through encrypted networks that are very reliable and keeps your data and browsing activities safe.

It does not record your information and activity, ensuring that it does not share your activity log with third parties and lets you access the internet safely.

ProtonVPN maintains your privacy on the internet and is a highly dependable Virtual Private Network provider with encryption that cannot be decrypted even if it was captured due to the exclusive use of ciphers.

It can also be integrated with TOR and route your digital traffic through the TOR network, which provides additional security. 

5. TunnelBear

TunnelBear encrypts your connection to the internet and routes your digital traffic through a secure VPN tunnel. It is available for all your devices, and it is easy to use an app-based VPN provider.

It lets you access content from all over the globe and surpasses all censorship placed on the content in your region.

TunnelBear protects your IP address and covers your browsing activity. It has no data logging, which implies that TunnelBear does not record your logs and provides you with security and privacy on the internet.

It has an attractive interface with bright and beautiful colors; it can be used with immense ease and is intended for your protection.

TunnelBear cares significantly about your anonymity and adheres to protecting it. It has one of the best privacy policies that inform you about its working and the information to which it has access.

In today’s world, where information is quite literally everything, it is essential to protect our data and become aware of our digital footprint. 

A Virtual Private Network protects us and makes us less susceptible to IP and DNS leaks, breaching our data and privacy when browsing the web. Our digital footprint makes us vulnerable. We can be robbed of our data and personal information, even our physical location. 

We have to be conscious of the data we give sites access to and what third parties might be working with them. VPNs secure your data, mask your details using encryption, and provide a reliable gateway for your digital traffic.

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Software Engineer Interview Questions

Software Engineering is an in-demand profession in which the individual applies the principles of the subject to the development, design, and evaluation of computer software in an efficient way.  

While every software engineer can easily acquire basic bookish knowledge, finding someone who can add value to the organization can be a bit difficult. The job is quite demanding, and software engineers must possess communication skills, teamwork, and cooperation alongside being proficient in their field.  

Every good interviewer starts with a basic question revolving around the concept, and then gradually delves deeper based on the answer of the interviewee.  

They may also ask practical and personal questions to gain an insight into how cooperative they can be as the job can get stressful sometimes. 

Most of the software engineering jobs fall into two broad categories: General programming jobs and field-specific jobs.

If you are an interviewee applying for a domain-specific position, you can expect technical questions based on that particular field.

Some of the important domains under software engineering are system software, embedded software, and web applications. 

In this article, we have compiled questions that are most likely to be asked in a job interview for software engineers. Read further to learn more! 


General Software Engineering Questions 

These basic questions will determine whether the interviewee knows the foundation of software engineering. Only if they excel in this field, they will progress further.  

  • What are computer software and software engineering? 
  • What are the available SDLC models available so far? 
  • What is debugging in the software development process? 
  • What programming languages are you familiar with? 
  • What programming language do you find the easiest? 
  • What is the role of a software project manager? 
  • Name some software project estimation techniques 
  • What do you know about software configuration management? 
  • Name some project management tools? 
  • What are the requirements for efficient software? 
  • What are modularization and cohesion? 
  • Name some software analysis and design tools 
  • Point out the difference between quality assurance and quality control? 
  • What is the difference between EXE and DLL? 
  • What is a function point? 
  • State the difference between structures English and Pseudocode. 
  • What do you know about the top-down and bottom-up design model? 
  • Explain the black box and white box testing with a brief description of its working. 
  • According to you, is software maintenance expensive? 
  • What is the main difference between tags and branches? 
  • Develop an algorithm to get a simple output 
  • What is the framework? 
  • Are there any limitations for a RAD model? 
  • What is the advantage and disadvantage of a spiral model? 
  • List the benefits of software prototyping. 
  • What is ERD, DFD, and QFD? 
  • Explain stamp coupling and common coupling? 
  • State the main difference between Alpha and Beta testing? 
  • What do you know about CASE tools? 
  • Briefly define risk management and its importance. 


Domain-specific questions 

Based on your qualifications, interviewers may ask you questions to evaluate your problem-solving abilities and coding knowledge. 

Technical software engineering 

Under this field, they might ask you questions on algorithms and data structures to evaluate your baseline knowledge about these fundamental topics. 

  • What process do you follow to deliver a programming task? 
  • What are responsive designs and their types? 
  • How do you test for bugs in an application software? 
  • Do you have any experience with an Agile software development process? 
  • Describe QuickSort by using Big O Notation. 
  • Mention the difference between an array and a stack. 
  • What do you know about Dijkstra’s shortest path? 
  • Create an algorithm in JavaScript to display your data structuring abilities. 


Quiz-style web developer questions

In this field, you might come across questions concerning freelancing in web-development just like mystery rooms, rather than straight-up algorithm questions. 

  • Explain web workers in Html5. 
  • What are the pros and cons of organizing CSS files? 
  • How does CORS work? 
  • Do you know any tricks to decrease the load time of a written web-application? 
  • How do you include your JavaScript into Html? 
  • Mention the difference between cookies and local storage. 
  • How can you decrease page load time? 
  • Name a few API’s provided by Html 5. 

 Cyber Security Questions

In this field, they will aim to analyze your ability to design firewalls and safeguard applications. 

  • What process do you follow to secure a server? 
  • Define DNS monitoring and its importance. 
  • Briefly explain HTTPS, SSL, and TLS. 
  • Explain the process of strengthening user authentication. 
  • State the difference between symmetric and asymmetric encryption. 
  • What do you know about traceroute? 


 Behavioural Questions  

In the above topics, interviewers cover the hard skills of a software engineering applicant. After they are done with that, they might ask questions concerning your soft skills as they are equally as important in a collaborative workspace. 

Some soft skills required by a software engineer are Problem-solving, the ability to pay attention to detail, multi-tasking, and communication. 

  • Are you capable of leading a team? 
  • What are your strengths and weaknesses in the field of computing and development? 
  • How do you overcome a software problem when you are working in a team? 
  • How would you explain computing to someone who is not familiar with technology? 
  • What do you do when you are not able to debug complicated software? 


To Wrap Up

In the end, when they are done with the technical side of the interview, they usually mellow it down with casual interview questions. This is also the perfect time for an interviewee to ask questions about the company, its policies, and benefits. Some of these questions are: 

  • Why did you choose our company? 
  • What are your accomplishments in your previous software engineering job? (If you are not a fresher) 
  • How do you envision the first few weeks as a software engineer? 
  • What do you expect from the company? 
  • Do you have any questions? 



The questions that have been covered in this article focus on the aspects of a software engineering job.  

Even if you do not answer all the questions elaborately, remember, confidence is key! After all, a company needs an individual who can tackle any situation with confidence and an unwavering spirit that enables him to persevere and it can be enhanced in mystery sites like a breakout. This comes in handy especially if you are a fresher on the lookout for experience and growth.  

Good luck with your future endeavours! 


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Top Interview Questions and Answers

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