Software Engineer Interview Questions

Software Engineering is an in-demand profession in which the individual applies the principles of the subject to the development, design, and evaluation of computer software in an efficient way.  

While every software engineer can easily acquire basic bookish knowledge, finding someone who can add value to the organization can be a bit difficult. The job is quite demanding, and software engineers must possess communication skills, teamwork, and cooperation alongside being proficient in their field.  

Every good interviewer starts with a basic question revolving around the concept, and then gradually delves deeper based on the answer of the interviewee.  

They may also ask practical and personal questions to gain an insight into how cooperative they can be as the job can get stressful sometimes. 

Most of the software engineering jobs fall into two broad categories: General programming jobs and field-specific jobs.

If you are an interviewee applying for a domain-specific position, you can expect technical questions based on that particular field.

Some of the important domains under software engineering are system software, embedded software, and web applications. 

In this article, we have compiled questions that are most likely to be asked in a job interview for software engineers. Read further to learn more! 


General Software Engineering Questions 

These basic questions will determine whether the interviewee knows the foundation of software engineering. Only if they excel in this field, they will progress further.  

  • What are computer software and software engineering? 
  • What are the available SDLC models available so far? 
  • What is debugging in the software development process? 
  • What programming languages are you familiar with? 
  • What programming language do you find the easiest? 
  • What is the role of a software project manager? 
  • Name some software project estimation techniques 
  • What do you know about software configuration management? 
  • Name some project management tools? 
  • What are the requirements for efficient software? 
  • What are modularization and cohesion? 
  • Name some software analysis and design tools 
  • Point out the difference between quality assurance and quality control? 
  • What is the difference between EXE and DLL? 
  • What is a function point? 
  • State the difference between structures English and Pseudocode. 
  • What do you know about the top-down and bottom-up design model? 
  • Explain the black box and white box testing with a brief description of its working. 
  • According to you, is software maintenance expensive? 
  • What is the main difference between tags and branches? 
  • Develop an algorithm to get a simple output 
  • What is the framework? 
  • Are there any limitations for a RAD model? 
  • What is the advantage and disadvantage of a spiral model? 
  • List the benefits of software prototyping. 
  • What is ERD, DFD, and QFD? 
  • Explain stamp coupling and common coupling? 
  • State the main difference between Alpha and Beta testing? 
  • What do you know about CASE tools? 
  • Briefly define risk management and its importance. 


Domain-specific questions 

Based on your qualifications, interviewers may ask you questions to evaluate your problem-solving abilities and coding knowledge. 

Technical software engineering 

Under this field, they might ask you questions on algorithms and data structures to evaluate your baseline knowledge about these fundamental topics. 

  • What process do you follow to deliver a programming task? 
  • What are responsive designs and their types? 
  • How do you test for bugs in an application software? 
  • Do you have any experience with an Agile software development process? 
  • Describe QuickSort by using Big O Notation. 
  • Mention the difference between an array and a stack. 
  • What do you know about Dijkstra’s shortest path? 
  • Create an algorithm in JavaScript to display your data structuring abilities. 


Quiz-style web developer questions

In this field, you might come across questions concerning freelancing in web-development just like mystery rooms, rather than straight-up algorithm questions. 

  • Explain web workers in Html5. 
  • What are the pros and cons of organizing CSS files? 
  • How does CORS work? 
  • Do you know any tricks to decrease the load time of a written web-application? 
  • How do you include your JavaScript into Html? 
  • Mention the difference between cookies and local storage. 
  • How can you decrease page load time? 
  • Name a few API’s provided by Html 5. 

 Cyber Security Questions

In this field, they will aim to analyze your ability to design firewalls and safeguard applications. 

  • What process do you follow to secure a server? 
  • Define DNS monitoring and its importance. 
  • Briefly explain HTTPS, SSL, and TLS. 
  • Explain the process of strengthening user authentication. 
  • State the difference between symmetric and asymmetric encryption. 
  • What do you know about traceroute? 


 Behavioural Questions  

In the above topics, interviewers cover the hard skills of a software engineering applicant. After they are done with that, they might ask questions concerning your soft skills as they are equally as important in a collaborative workspace. 

Some soft skills required by a software engineer are Problem-solving, the ability to pay attention to detail, multi-tasking, and communication. 

  • Are you capable of leading a team? 
  • What are your strengths and weaknesses in the field of computing and development? 
  • How do you overcome a software problem when you are working in a team? 
  • How would you explain computing to someone who is not familiar with technology? 
  • What do you do when you are not able to debug complicated software? 


To Wrap Up

In the end, when they are done with the technical side of the interview, they usually mellow it down with casual interview questions. This is also the perfect time for an interviewee to ask questions about the company, its policies, and benefits. Some of these questions are: 

  • Why did you choose our company? 
  • What are your accomplishments in your previous software engineering job? (If you are not a fresher) 
  • How do you envision the first few weeks as a software engineer? 
  • What do you expect from the company? 
  • Do you have any questions? 



The questions that have been covered in this article focus on the aspects of a software engineering job.  

Even if you do not answer all the questions elaborately, remember, confidence is key! After all, a company needs an individual who can tackle any situation with confidence and an unwavering spirit that enables him to persevere and it can be enhanced in mystery sites like a breakout. This comes in handy especially if you are a fresher on the lookout for experience and growth.  

Good luck with your future endeavours! 


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